type culture


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culture

 [kul´cher]
1. the propagation of microorganisms or of living tissue cells in special media conducive to their growth.
2. to induce such propagation.
3. the product of such propagation.
4. the shared values, beliefs, and practices of a particular group of people, which are transmitted from one generation to the next and are identified as patterns that guide the thinking and action of the group members. adj., adj cul´tural.
cell culture the maintenance or growth of animal cells in vitro, or a culture of such cells.
blood culture microbiologic examination of a blood sample to check for presence of microorganisms.
continuous flow culture the cultivation of bacteria in a continuous flow of fresh medium to maintain bacterial growth in logarithmic phase.
enrichment culture one grown on a medium, usually liquid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a given type of organism.
hanging-drop culture a culture in which the material to be cultivated is inoculated into a drop of fluid attached to a coverglass inverted over a hollow slide.
primary culture a cell or tissue culture made by direct transfer from a natural source to an artificial medium.
selective culture one grown on a medium, usually solid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a single species of microorganism. It may also include substances that inhibit the growth of other species.
shake culture a culture made by inoculating warm liquid agar culture medium in a tube and shaking to distribute contents evenly. Incubation of the resolidified culture allows the development of separated colonies; especially adaptable to obligate anaerobes.
slant culture one made on the surface of solidified medium in a tube which has been tilted to provide a greater surface area for growth.
culture-specific syndrome folk illnesses that are unique to a particular culture or geographical area. Each illness has a cluster of symptoms, signs, and behavioral changes that are recognized by members of the culture; usually, they also have a range of symbolic meanings and culturally agreed-upon treatments. Anorexia nervosa and Type A behavior pattern are examples of syndromes specific to industrialized cultures.
stab culture a culture into which the organisms are introduced by thrusting a needle deep into the medium.
streak culture a culture in which the surface of a solid medium is inoculated by drawing across it, in a zig-zag fashion, a wire inoculating loop carrying the inoculum.
suspension culture a culture in which cells multiply while suspended in a suitable medium.
tissue culture the maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and function.
type culture a culture of a species of microorganism usually maintained in a central collection of type cultures.

type cul·ture

a type strain of microorganism preserved in a culture collection as the standard.

type cul·ture

(tīp kŭl'chŭr)
A type strain of microorganism preserved in a culture collection as the standard or quality-control strain.

culture

1. the propagation of microorganisms or of living tissue cells in special media conducive to their growth.
2. to induce such propagation.
3. the product of such propagation.

anaerobic culture
one carried out in the absence of air.
continuous flow culture
the cultivation of bacteria in a continuous flow of fresh medium to maintain bacterial growth in logarithmic phase.
explant culture
a small piece of tissue such as trachea or gut maintained in culture.
hanging-drop culture
a culture in which the material to be cultivated is inoculated into a drop of fluid attached to a coverglass inverted over a hollow slide.
primary culture
a cell or tissue culture started from material taken directly from an organism. Subsequent passages of cells are referred to as secondary cultures.
secondary culture
a subculture derived from a primary culture.
slant culture
one made on the surface of solidified medium in a tube which has been tilted when the agar was solidifying to provide a greater surface area for growth.
stab culture
a culture into which the organisms are introduced by thrusting a needle deep into the medium.
streak culture
one in which the medium is inoculated by drawing an infected wire loop across it.
suspension culture
a culture in which cells multiply while suspended in a suitable liquid medium.
tissue culture
the maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and function. Used loosely to refer to monolayer cell cultures. See explant culture (above).
type culture
a culture of a species of microorganism usually maintained in a central reference collection of type or standard organisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study indicated a high level of correlation between the clan type culture and service quality in these restaurants (r=0.
mutans ATCC 25175 (American Type Culture Collecttion) se resembro en los medios de cultivos de TSA y AMSB, y enfrentandose luego a las soluciones en las mismas concentraciones y modalidad citada en el parrafo anterior.
Academics are calling for stronger business ties, especially with the area's growing biotechnology sector and companies such as American Type Culture and Eli Lilly.
In a 1908 case called Winters, the Supreme Court of the United States found that it would be wrong to take from the Indian Nations the means of continuing their traditional culture without allowing them the ability to change to an agricultural or other European type culture.
Aureobasidium pullulans ATCC 42023 was purchased from the American Type Culture Collection and grown on modified Ueda medium.
ictaluri ATCC 33202 were obtained from the American Type Culture Collection.
While this fight was going on, the Reagan administration authorized at least 40 shipments of weapon-specific biological agents to Iraq from the American Type Culture Collection, which is a large scientific institute.
A deposit of Nicotiana excelsiana seed as claimed in the invention has been made at the American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, Va.
In 1998, Larry Wayne Harris, an activist with ties to the Christian Identity movement and Aryan Nation, bought three vials of the bacterium that causes plague from the American Type Culture Collection in Rockville, Maryland--the same company that sold anthrax to Iraq in the 1980s.
niger spores--ATCC #9372 (American Type Culture Collection, 1999) or NRRL B4418--were purchased from three prominent manufacturers in the United States.
Specifically, the best available and practical technology is enhanced bioremediation, using inert nutrients, and American Type Culture Collection Class 1 (ATCC C1) bacteria.