type culture


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culture

 [kul´cher]
1. the propagation of microorganisms or of living tissue cells in special media conducive to their growth.
2. to induce such propagation.
3. the product of such propagation.
4. the shared values, beliefs, and practices of a particular group of people, which are transmitted from one generation to the next and are identified as patterns that guide the thinking and action of the group members. adj., adj cul´tural.
cell culture the maintenance or growth of animal cells in vitro, or a culture of such cells.
blood culture microbiologic examination of a blood sample to check for presence of microorganisms.
continuous flow culture the cultivation of bacteria in a continuous flow of fresh medium to maintain bacterial growth in logarithmic phase.
enrichment culture one grown on a medium, usually liquid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a given type of organism.
hanging-drop culture a culture in which the material to be cultivated is inoculated into a drop of fluid attached to a coverglass inverted over a hollow slide.
primary culture a cell or tissue culture made by direct transfer from a natural source to an artificial medium.
selective culture one grown on a medium, usually solid, that has been supplemented to encourage the growth of a single species of microorganism. It may also include substances that inhibit the growth of other species.
shake culture a culture made by inoculating warm liquid agar culture medium in a tube and shaking to distribute contents evenly. Incubation of the resolidified culture allows the development of separated colonies; especially adaptable to obligate anaerobes.
slant culture one made on the surface of solidified medium in a tube which has been tilted to provide a greater surface area for growth.
culture-specific syndrome folk illnesses that are unique to a particular culture or geographical area. Each illness has a cluster of symptoms, signs, and behavioral changes that are recognized by members of the culture; usually, they also have a range of symbolic meanings and culturally agreed-upon treatments. Anorexia nervosa and Type A behavior pattern are examples of syndromes specific to industrialized cultures.
stab culture a culture into which the organisms are introduced by thrusting a needle deep into the medium.
streak culture a culture in which the surface of a solid medium is inoculated by drawing across it, in a zig-zag fashion, a wire inoculating loop carrying the inoculum.
suspension culture a culture in which cells multiply while suspended in a suitable medium.
tissue culture the maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and function.
type culture a culture of a species of microorganism usually maintained in a central collection of type cultures.

type cul·ture

a type strain of microorganism preserved in a culture collection as the standard.

type cul·ture

(tīp kŭl'chŭr)
A type strain of microorganism preserved in a culture collection as the standard or quality-control strain.

culture

1. the propagation of microorganisms or of living tissue cells in special media conducive to their growth.
2. to induce such propagation.
3. the product of such propagation.

anaerobic culture
one carried out in the absence of air.
continuous flow culture
the cultivation of bacteria in a continuous flow of fresh medium to maintain bacterial growth in logarithmic phase.
explant culture
a small piece of tissue such as trachea or gut maintained in culture.
hanging-drop culture
a culture in which the material to be cultivated is inoculated into a drop of fluid attached to a coverglass inverted over a hollow slide.
primary culture
a cell or tissue culture started from material taken directly from an organism. Subsequent passages of cells are referred to as secondary cultures.
secondary culture
a subculture derived from a primary culture.
slant culture
one made on the surface of solidified medium in a tube which has been tilted when the agar was solidifying to provide a greater surface area for growth.
stab culture
a culture into which the organisms are introduced by thrusting a needle deep into the medium.
streak culture
one in which the medium is inoculated by drawing an infected wire loop across it.
suspension culture
a culture in which cells multiply while suspended in a suitable liquid medium.
tissue culture
the maintaining or growing of tissue, organ primordia, or the whole or part of an organ in vitro so as to preserve its architecture and function. Used loosely to refer to monolayer cell cultures. See explant culture (above).
type culture
a culture of a species of microorganism usually maintained in a central reference collection of type or standard organisms.
References in periodicals archive ?
Contract awarded for Logistics service for entourage cultural production "the interesting patriotic", which will be held in the borough of tocopilla, under the program to promoting cultural development local service type culture country regional council culture and arts antofagasta.
PLC/ PRF/5 hepatocarcinoma cells (American Type Culture Collection 8024) were cultured as a monolayer (2D) at 37[degrees]C in GTSF-2 medium (8) in a 5% C[O.
THP-1, a human monocyte cell line, was obtained from American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, VA, USA) and cultured in RPMI 1640 medium supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS), 1% penicillin/ streptomycin, and 1% L-glutamine in a 37[degrees]C humidified incubator supplied with 5% C[O.
You can store samples of microbial material in suspended animation' in special storehouses such as the American Type Culture Collection in Rockville, Md.
ATCC[R] (American Type Culture Collection) researchers have developed a panel of novel monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against avian influenza viruses.
Some of the major players in the global Cell Line Development Market include American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) (U.
Human MCF-7 breast cancer cells and HepG2 liver cancer cells were purchased from the American Type Culture Collection (Manassas, VA).
Stevenson, of the American Type Culture Collection, a cell-storage bank in Rockville, Md.
Companies Listed Accuri Cytometers (now part of BD) ACEA Biosciences Active Biotech Advinus Therapeutics Agennix Agilent Automation Solutions American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) Applied BioPhysics Apredica (now part of Cyprotex) AstraZeneca Aurigene Discovery Technologies (a subsidiary of Dr Reddy's Laboratories) Axiogenesis BD Biosciences (a division of Becton, Dickinson & Co - BD) Beckman Coulter (now part of Danaher) Becton, Dickinson & Co.
ATCC (American Type Culture Collection) today announced that the Saint Cloud, Minnesota based MicroBioLogics, Inc.
The key companies contributes in the growth of cell line development market are American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) (U.