tympanostomy


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Related to tympanostomy: tympanoplasty, otitis media, adenoidectomy

myringotomy

 [mir″ing-got´ah-me]
incision of the tympanic membrane, usually performed to relieve pressure and allow drainage of serous or purulent fluid from the middle ear. Sometimes, as in the case of serous otitis media, a ventilating tube called a grommet is inserted to permit continuous ventilation and avoid a chronic middle ear problem with fluid accumulation, pain, and loss of hearing. When a simple myringotomy is done for purposes of draining purulent material resulting from recurrent suppurative otitis media, care should be taken to avoid contamination by the fluid. Eardrops may be prescribed if there is fluid in the ear. The ear should be kept dry for two weeks after the procedure, with no fluid entering the ear until the myringotomy site in the eardrum is healed.
Myringotomy and insertion of a tympanoplasty tube as treatment for otitis media. From Frazier et al., 2000.

tym·pan·os·to·my

(tim'pan-os'tŏ-mē),
An operation to make an opening in the tympanic membrane.
See also: myringotomy.
[tympano- + G. ostium, mouth]

tympanostomy

(tĭm′pə-nŏs′tə-mē)

tympanostomy

ENT A surgical procedure in which small tube–popularly, a grommet–is inserted in the tympanic membrane; tympanostomy follows myringotomy–an incision in the in tympanic membrane for draining middle ear effusions typical of chronic otitis media; tympanostomy offers more disease-free time and improved hearing, at a 'cost' of otorrhea and persistent perforation of the tympanic membrane

my·rin·got·o·my

(mir'in-got'ŏ-mē)
Paracentesis of the tympanic membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanostomy, tympanotomy.
[myringo- + G. tomē, excision]
References in periodicals archive ?
Otitis media and tympanostomy tube insertion during the first three years of life: Developmental outcomes at the age of four years.
At her scheduled clinic visit in follow-up for her bilateral myringotomy with tympanostomy tube insertion the patient's right ear was clear and dry, however there continued to be persistent drainage from the left ear, which was again aspirated and submitted for routine bacterial and fungal cultures.
The investigators remarked that according to one study, nearly 7% of children have tympanostomy tubes by the age of 3 years, and going to day care doubles the risk.
Myringotomy with and without tympanostomy tubes for chronic otitis media with effusion.
Such screening could potentially spare a child from needing continued treatment for recurrent ear infections and the insertion of tympanostomy tubes.
All patients had a history of ear infections and tympanostomy tube placement, previously associated with NTM disease (7).
Myringotomy with tympanostomy tube insertion is one of the most frequently performed procedures in children and the majority of the patients require general anaesthesia.
Scar tissue is removed from around the hole where the tympanostomy tube was placed; a patch of ordinary cigarette paper is placed over the hole, providing support for the outer and inner epithelial layers to bridge the defect for a two-layer closure.
Results: By the age of three years, 169 children in the early-treatment group (82%) and 66 children in the late-treatment group (34%) had received tympanostomy tubes.
For some children with ongoing ear fluid or recurring ear infections, ear tubes (tympanostomy or T-tubes) may be inserted in the ear drums.
Implanting tubes to drain the middle ear, a surgical procedure known as tympanostomy, is the most common surgery requiring a general anesthetic performed on children under age 2.