However, it is widely known that the damage to the tympanic membrane caused by TT placement can lead to residual perforations, persistent otorrhea, tube rejection or tympanosclerosis
, as well as various adverse reactions, including postoperative persistent otorrhea, infection rejection, and replacement of TT, among others.
In addition, patients with pathologic tympanometry findings and those with known chronic ear and mastoid process inflammation, hearing amplified subjects and those with otosclerosis, tympanosclerosis
and acute tinnitus persisting for up to three months, as well as facial nerve disorders of specific etiology and those associated with neurologic disorders were not considered eligible for inclusion in the study.
KEYWORDS: Chronic perforated otitis media, age, tympanosclerosis
Bayazit et al similarly found that the dehiscence rate was higher in patients with cholesteatoma, followed by adhesive otitis media, chronic otitis media, and tympanosclerosis
Recently chronic suppurative otitis media has been classified into the following types; active mucosal, inactive mucosal, active squamous, inactive squamous and healed (dimeric, tympanosclerosis
Recurrent inflammation from chronic OM can also lead to tympanosclerosis
Other associated fibrotic conditions include contracture of the plantar fascia (Ledderhose disease) and tympanosclerosis
(Jordan & McCammon, 2012).
The most significant complication of OME is permanent conductive hearing loss, but tinnitus, cholesteatoma, or tympanosclerosis
may also occur.
Alongside the photos, they detail the normal tympanic membrane and its variations; the pathological conditions of the external and middle ear, as well as foreign bodies; alterations of both the left and right tympanic membranes in acute and chronic conditions affecting the middle ear, including tympanosclerosis
, perforations, and otitis media; pre- and post-operative cases; the tympanic membrane in allergic rhinitis; and tumors.
is the hyalinization and calcification of the connective tissue in the middle ear, including the tympanic membrane.
The possible sequelae in such cases include perforation of the tympanic membrane, extensive cartilaginous and bone necrosis leading to lower motor neurone facial nerve paralysis (a clinical picture similar to malignant otitis externa ) and, in the long term, meatal stenosis, middle-ear adhesions and tympanosclerosis
Other problems included tympanosclerosis
(hardening of the ear drum), atrophy (shrinking of the ear drum), otorrhea (fluid flowing from behind the ear drum), and persistent perforation.