tympanoplasty

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tympanoplasty

 [tim´pah-no-plas″te]
plastic reconstruction of the bones of the middle ear, with establishment of ossicular continuity from the tympanic membrane to the oval window. This surgical procedure is performed when chronic infection or tumor has led to destruction of the ossicles, of the pars petrosa of the temporal bone, or both. Because the ossicles are so small, the surgery must be done under magnification with an operating microscope. Tympanoplasty requires great surgical skill and the use of specially designed instruments. It is often done in preference to radical mastoidectomy and offers the advantage of greater preservation of hearing. (For patient care after tympanoplasty, see surgery of the ear.) adj., adj tympanoplas´tic.

tym·pa·no·plas·ty

(tim'pă-nō-plas'tē),
Operative correction of a damaged middle ear.
[tympano- + G. plassō, to form]

tympanoplasty

/tym·pa·no·plas·ty/ (tim´pah-no-plas″te) surgical reconstruction of the tympanic membrane and establishment of ossicular continuity from the tympanic membrane to the oval window.tympanoplas´tic

tympanoplasty

(tĭm′pə-nə-plăs′tē, -nō-)
n. pl. tympanoplas·ties
Surgical repair or reconstruction of the middle ear.

tympanoplasty

[timpan′əplas′tē]
Etymology: Gk, tympanon + plassein, to mold
any of several operative procedures on the eardrum or ossicles of the middle ear designed to restore or improve hearing in patients with conductive hearing loss. These operations may be used to repair a perforated eardrum, for otosclerosis, or for dislocation or necrosis of one of the small bones of the middle ear. See also myringoplasty, stapedectomy.

tympanoplasty

ENT A technique of middle ear reconstruction intended to restore hearing, which consists of 2 components
1. Tympanic membrane engraftment, using various materials including canal skin, fascia, and homografts–eg, dura, periosteum, knee cartilage, ossicles and ossicular replacement with hydroxyapatite prostheses.

tym·pa·no·plas·ty

(tim'pă-nō-plas'tē)
Operative correction of a damaged middle ear.
[tympano- + G. plassō, to form]

tympanoplasty

An operation to reconstitute a severed linkage in the chain of tiny bones (auditory ossicles) lying between the eardrum and the oval window of the inner ear, so as to restore hearing.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study the mean A-B gap closure in various types of tympanoplasties are as follows
Of the 66 patients who underwent combined-approach tympanoplasties, 40 (61%) reported no taste disturbance at any time; 13 (20%) had mild or moderate symptoms for up to 1 month; 4 (6%) had mild or moderate symptoms for up to 3 months; 3 (5%) had symptoms for up to 6 months; and 6 (9%) had ongoing symptoms for more than 1 year (table 1).
I am concerned that otology represents approximately half of what the average general otolaryngologist practices, and we certainly do not want to hurt his/her ability to perform otologic procedures such as placing ventilation tubes and performing tympanoplasties, etc.
In 1992, because of the ease of procurement, we began using periosteal bone (femur) as a replacement source in all ossiculoplasties, including tympanoplasties, tympanomastoidectomies, and stapedectomies.
Local standby anesthesia was used for all adult stapedotomies as well as for selected adult tympanoplasties, depending on the wishes of the patient.