tympanic

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Related to tympanic membrane (secondary): Tympanic membrane perforation

tympanic

 [tim-pan´ik]
1. bell-like; resonant. Called also tympanal and tympanitic.
2. of or pertaining to the tympanum.
tympanic membrane a thin, semitransparent membrane, nearly oval in shape, that stretches across the ear canal and separates the tympanum (middle ear) from the external acoustic meatus (outer ear); called also eardrum. It is composed of fibrous tissue, covered with skin on the outside and mucous membrane on the inside. It is constructed so that it can vibrate freely with audible sound waves that travel inward from outside. The handle of the malleus of the middle ear is attached to the center of the membrane and receives the vibrations it collects, transmitting them to the other ossicles of the middle ear (the incus and stapes), which in turn transmit the vibrations to the fluid of the inner ear.



Perforation of the tympanic membrane can cause loss of hearing, the extent depending on the size and location of the perforation. Since vibrations can still be transmitted to the inner ear by way of the bones of the skull, even nearly total destruction of the tympanic membrane does not produce total deafness. Surgical incision of the membrane (myringotomy) or insertion of ventilating tubes may be done to relieve pressure and provide for drainage in an infection of the middle ear. See also otitis media.
Tympanic membrane. From Jarvis, 1996.

tym·pan·ic

(tim-pan'ik),
1. Relating to the tympanic cavity or membrane. Synonym(s): tympanal (1)
2. Resonant.
3. Synonym(s): tympanitic (2)

tympanic

/tym·pan·ic/ (tim-pan´ik)
1. tympanal; of or pertaining to the tympanum.
2. bell-like; resonant.

tympanic

(tĭm-păn′ĭk)
adj.
1. Relating to or resembling a drum.
2. also tympanal (tĭm′pə-nəl) Anatomy Of or relating to the middle ear or eardrum.

tympanic

[timpan′ik]
Etymology: Gk, tympanon, drum
pertaining to a structure that resonates when struck; drumlike, such as a tympanic abdomen that resonates on percussion because the intestines are distended with gas. Also called tympanal. tympanum /tim′pənəm, pl, tympana, n.

tym·pan·ic

(tim-pan'ik)
1. Relating to the tympanic cavity or membrane.
Synonym(s): tympanal (1) .
2. Resonant.
3. Synonym(s): tympanitic (2) .

tym·pan·ic

(tim-pan'ik)
1. Relating to the tympanic cavity or membrane.
2. Resonant.

tympanic

1. of or pertaining to the tympanum.
2. bell-like; resonant.

tympanic cavity
middle ear.
tympanic membrane
a thin, semitransparent membrane, nearly oval in shape, that stretches across the ear canal separating the middle ear from the external acoustic meatus (outer ear); called also the eardrum. It is composed of fibrous tissue, covered with skin on the outside and mucous membrane on the inside. It is constructed so that it can vibrate freely with audible sound waves that travel inward from outside. The manubrium (handle) of the malleus (hammer) of the middle ear is attached to the center of the tympanic membrane and receives the vibrations collected by the membrane, transmitting them to other bones of the middle ear (the incus and stapes) and eventually to the fluid of the inner ear.
Enlarge picture
Normal canine left tympanic membrane. By permission from Gotthelf LN, Small Animal Ear Disease, Saunders, 2005
tympanic membrane (secondary)
the membrane enclosing the fenestra cochlearis; called also Scarpa's membrane.
tympanic nerve
see Table 14.
tympanic plexus
see tympanic plexus.
tympanic ossicles
see auditory ossicles.