tympanic membrane

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Related to tympanic membrane: Tympanic membrane perforation


a thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity, or divides a space or organ. adj., adj mem´branous.
alveolar-capillary membrane (alveolocapillary membrane) a thin tissue barrier through which gases are exchanged between the alveolar air and the blood in the pulmonary capillaries. Called also blood-air barrier and blood-gas barrier.
alveolodental membrane periodontium.
arachnoid membrane arachnoid.
basement membrane a sheet of amorphous extracellular material upon which the basal surfaces of epithelial cells rest; it is also associated with muscle cells, Schwann cells, fat cells, and capillaries, interposed between the cellular elements and the underlying connective tissue. It comprises two layers, the basal lamina and the reticular lamina, and is composed of Type IV collagen (which is unique to basement membranes), laminin, fibronectin, and heparan sulfate proteoglycans.
basilar membrane the lower boundary of the scala media of the ear.
Bowman's membrane a thin layer of basement membrane between the outer layer of stratified epithelium and the substantia propria of the cornea.
Bruch's membrane the inner layer of the choroid, separating it from the pigmented layer of the retina.
cell membrane plasma membrane.
decidual m's (deciduous m's) decidua.
Descemet's membrane the posterior lining membrane of the cornea; it is a thin hyaline membrane between the substantia propria and the endothelial layer of the cornea.
diphtheritic membrane the peculiar false membrane characteristic of diphtheria, formed by coagulation necrosis.
drum membrane tympanic membrane.
epiretinal membrane a pathologic membrane partially covering the surface of the retina, probably originating chiefly from the retinal pigment epithelial and glial cells; membranes peripheral to the macula are generally asymptomatic, while those involving the macula or adjacent to it may cause reduction in vision, visual distortion, and diplopia.
extraembryonic m's those that protect the embryo or fetus and provide for its nutrition, respiration, and excretion; the yolk sac (umbilical vesicle), allantois, amnion, chorion, decidua, and placenta. Called also fetal membranes.
false membrane a membranous exudate, such as the diphtheritic membrane; called also neomembrane.
fenestrated membrane one of the perforated elastic sheets of the tunica intima and tunica media of arteries.
hemodialyzer membrane the semipermeable membrane that filters the blood in a hemodialyzer, commonly made of cuprophane, cellulose acetate, polyacrylonitrile, polymethyl methacrylate, or polysulfone.
Henle's membrane fenestrated membrane.
high efficiency membrane a hemodialyzer membrane that has clearance characteristics that increase progressively with increases in dialysis blood flow rates; this usually implies that the membrane is not a high flux membrane.
high flux membrane a hemodialyzer membrane that has a high permeability to fluids and solutes and thus a high rate of clearance of fluids and solutes composed of large molecules.
hyaline membrane
1. a membrane between the outer root sheath and inner fibrous layer of a hair follicle.
3. a homogeneous eosinophilic membrane lining alveolar ducts and alveoli, frequently found at autopsy of infants that were preterm. See also hyaline membrane disease.
hyoglossal membrane a fibrous lamina connecting the undersurface of the tongue with the hyoid bone.
impaired oral mucous membrane a nursing diagnosis approved by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as disruptions of the lips and soft tissue of the oral cavity. Changes in the integrity and health of the oral mucous membrane can occur as a characteristic of such medical disorders as periodontal disease, uncontrolled diabetes mellitus, oral cancer, and infection with herpes. Chemical irritants such as alcohol and tobacco can also adversely affect the oral mucous membrane, as can mechanical trauma due to broken teeth, poorly fitting dentures, and endotracheal intubation. Other etiologic factors include dehydration, mouth breathing, poor oral hygiene, radiation to the head or neck, and antineoplastic agents.

Preventive measures that can help maintain the health and integrity of the oral mucosa will depend on the cause. Routinely brushing and flossing the teeth during the day and at bedtime can help avoid dental caries and periodontal disease. Some patients may need instruction in the proper procedure for cleaning the teeth and removing debris and plaque, or they may need assistance in devising ways to cope with physical disabilities that make good oral hygiene difficult for them. Patients who are unconscious or unable to perform self-care activities should have mouth care as often as needed to keep the mouth clean and moist and avoid aspiration of debris and infectious microorganisms. Adequate hydration and a lip lubricant can help avoid alterations in the oral mucosa and promote comfort.
limiting membrane one that constitutes the border of some tissue or structure.
mucous membrane the membrane covered with epithelium that lines the tubular organs of the body.
Nasmyth's membrane primary cuticle.
nuclear membrane
1. either of the membranes, inner and outer, comprising the nuclear envelope.
olfactory membrane the olfactory portion of the mucous membrane lining the nasal fossa.
placental membrane the membrane that separates the fetal from the maternal blood in the placenta.
plasma membrane the membrane that encloses a cell; it is composed of phospholipids, glycolipids, cholesterol, and proteins. The primary structure is a lipid bilayer. Phospholipid molecules have an electrically charged “head” that attracts water and a hydrocarbon “tail” that repels water; they line up side by side in two opposing layers with their heads on the inner or outer surface of the membrane and their tails in the core, from which water is excluded. The other lipids affect the structural properties of the membrane. Proteins embedded in the membrane transport specific molecules across the membrane, act as hormone receptors, or perform other functions.
Reissner's membrane the thin anterior wall of the cochlear duct, separating it from the scala vestibuli.
membrane of round window secondary tympanic membrane.
Scarpa's membrane tympanic membrane, secondary.
semipermeable membrane one permitting passage through it of some but not all substances.
serous membrane the membrane lining the walls of the body cavities and enclosing the contained organs; it consists of mesothelium lying upon a connective tissue layer and it secretes a watery fluid.
synovial membrane the inner of the two layers of the articular capsule of a synovial joint; composed of loose connective tissue and having a free smooth surface that lines the joint cavity.
tympanic membrane see tympanic membrane.
tympanic membrane, secondary the membrane enclosing the round window; called also Scarpa's membrane.
unit membrane the trilaminar structure of all cellular membranes (such as the plasma membrane, nuclear membranes, mitochondrial membranes, endoplasmic reticulum, lysosomes) as they appear in electron micrographs. The biochemical structure is a lipid bilayer.
virginal membrane hymen.
vitelline membrane the external envelope of an ovum.
vitreous membrane
2. hyaline membrane (def. 1).
4. a delicate boundary layer investing the vitreous body.


1. bell-like; resonant. Called also tympanal and tympanitic.
2. of or pertaining to the tympanum.
tympanic membrane a thin, semitransparent membrane, nearly oval in shape, that stretches across the ear canal and separates the tympanum (middle ear) from the external acoustic meatus (outer ear); called also eardrum. It is composed of fibrous tissue, covered with skin on the outside and mucous membrane on the inside. It is constructed so that it can vibrate freely with audible sound waves that travel inward from outside. The handle of the malleus of the middle ear is attached to the center of the membrane and receives the vibrations it collects, transmitting them to the other ossicles of the middle ear (the incus and stapes), which in turn transmit the vibrations to the fluid of the inner ear.

Perforation of the tympanic membrane can cause loss of hearing, the extent depending on the size and location of the perforation. Since vibrations can still be transmitted to the inner ear by way of the bones of the skull, even nearly total destruction of the tympanic membrane does not produce total deafness. Surgical incision of the membrane (myringotomy) or insertion of ventilating tubes may be done to relieve pressure and provide for drainage in an infection of the middle ear. See also otitis media.
Tympanic membrane. From Jarvis, 1996.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tym·pan·ic mem·brane

a thin tense membrane forming the greater part of the lateral wall of the tympanic cavity and separating it from the external acoustic meatus; it constitutes the boundary between the external and middle ears; it is a trilaminar membrane covered with skin on its external surface, mucosa in its internal surface, is covered on both surfaces with epithelium, and, in the tense part, has an intermediate layer of outer radial and inner circular collagen fibers.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

tympanic membrane

The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

tym·pan·ic mem·brane

(tim-pan'ik mem'brān) [TA]
A thin, tense covering that forms the greater part of the lateral wall of the tympanic cavity and separates it from the external acoustic meatus; it constitutes the boundary between the external and middle ear, is covered on both surfaces with epithelium, and in the tense part has an intermediate layer of outer radial and inner circular collagen fibers.
Synonym(s): membrana tympani [TA] , drum membrane, drum, drumhead, eardrum, myringa, myrinx.
[L. membrana tympani]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

tympanic membrane

The ear drum.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Tympanic membrane

A structure in the middle ear that can rupture if pressure in the ear is not equalized during airplane ascents and descents.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

tym·pan·ic mem·brane

(tim-pan'ik mem'brān) [TA]
A thin tense membrane forming the greater part of the lateral wall of the tympanic cavity and separating it from the external acoustic meatus.
Synonym(s): eardrum.
[L. membrana tympani]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Assessment of the size of tympanic membrane perforations: a comparison of clinical estimation with video-otoscopic calculations.
This 3rd decade of life is also commonly involved in studies of Rabbani, Dawood and Onotai (65.7%, 40.30%, and 28.57%), because the people in this decade are more active and prone to violence.The commonest cause of perforation of tympanic membrane was slap (35, 72.9%), followed by blast injury (4, 8.3%) in this study, that is in conformity with results of Rabbani SMG, Onotai LO, Wani A, Saimanohar S, Sarojamma Q and Perera MC where slapping accounts 88.5%, 42.86%, 69.42%, 86.67%,50% and 75% respectively.1,3-5,9,10 However it is contrary to study of Dawood from Iraq where blast injury was common 43.
Considering that the anterior and subtotal perforations of the tympanic membrane following the methods of repair have a higher degree of treatment failure, by reducing the therapeutic failure of these perforations, more favorable outcomes of the treatment of chronic otitis media are predictable.
The most commonly used approaches for tympanoplasty are; end aural, post aural and permeatal.6 End aural approach gives better exposure of posterior part while post aural approach gives better exposure of anterior part of the tympanic membrane. Permeatal approach is usually reserved for small perforation with wide canal.
In the tympanic membrane study from a mechanical point of view, the first objective was to create a geometrical model.
Tympanic membrane rupture among blast trauma victims is a common finding, with majority of cases having damage to less than 50 Percent surface area of the tympanic membrane.
* Some possible complications that result from VTs include persistent perforation of the tympanic membrane, granulation tissue around the tube (granular myringitis), chronic otorrhoea, blocking of the lumen of the VT, medial migration of the VT, and severe myringosclerosis.
Pneumatic otoscopy is the technologic mainstay for assessing the tympanic membrane. Get a good seal on the speculum so that you can puff on it to check the mobility of the eardrum, thus increasing diagnostic accuracy by 20%, he advised.
STRETCH RECEPTORS IN THE MAMMALIAN TYMPANIC MEMBRANE. Stretch receptors in the tympanic membrane are potential air pressure detection systems in mammals.
The participants were older than 1 year, had a medical condition requiring tympanic membrane visualization, and had partially or totally obscured tympanic membranes.