turpentine

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Related to turpentines: Gum turpentine

tur·pen·tine

(tŭr'pen-tīn),
An oleoresin from Pinus palustris and other species of Pinus; source of turpentine oil and a constituent of stimulating ointments.
[G. terebinthinos, pertaining to terebinthos, the terebinth tree]

turpentine

(tŭr′pĕn-tīn) [Gr. terebinthos, turpentine tree]
Oleoresin obtained from various species of pine trees. It is a mixture of terpenes and other hydrocarbons obtained from pine trees. It was once used in liniments and counterirritants.
References in classic literature ?
'And I'd give him somethin' as 'ud turpentine and beeswax his memory for the next ten years or so, if I wos you,' interposed Sam.
already I shudder for these comparatively degenerate days of my native village, when you cannot collect a load of bark of good thickness, and we no longer produce tar and turpentine.
Summary: Turpentine is used to manufacture a wide range of chemicals such as terpineol, synthetic camphor and synthetic borneol among others