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An oleoresin from Pinus palustris and other species of Pinus; source of turpentine oil and a constituent of stimulating ointments.
[G. terebinthinos, pertaining to terebinthos, the terebinth tree]
turpentine(tŭr′pĕn-tīn) [Gr. terebinthos, turpentine tree]
Oleoresin obtained from various species of pine trees. It is a mixture of terpenes and other hydrocarbons obtained from pine trees. It was once used in liniments and counterirritants.
a sticky oleoresin which exudes from Pinus spp. trees.
commercial extract from turpentine used as a solvent for waxes and varnishes. The active constituents are terpenes, α-pinene being the important one. In veterinary medicine has been used as a treatment for bloat in cattle and tympanitic colic in horses and as a constituent of general tonic drenches for cattle. Also has some use in stimulant ointments and liniments. Absorbed readily from the gut and the skin and is a significant poison for the kidney and intestine. Clinical signs of acute poisoning include colic, vomiting, diarrhea, incoordination and excitement followed by coma.