are acoelomate, soft-bodied worms that have a sac-like gut and typically ciliated epidermal cells.
Scale bar = 50 [micro]m, f) turbellarian
Paravortex-like specimen in the intestine lumen.
An unidentified turbellarian
has also been recorded in Panopea generosa from Canada which did not evoke a host response and was not associated with losses (Bower 2002, Bower & Blackbourn 2003).
Distribution of the turbellarian
Urastoma cyprinae on the gills of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica.
A Urastoma-Eke turbellarian
was detected in gills of three Ensis macha sampled in May.
Two new rhabdocoel turbellarians
parasitic in Tasmanian holothurians.
a digenetic trematode, and a turbellarian
were confirmed in the histological preparations of the blood cockle, A.
Urastoma cyprinae (Graft 1882) has been reported parasitizing the gills of various bivalves, including the blue mussel Mytilus galloprovincialis (Burt & Drinnan 1968, Fleming 1986, Murina & Solonchenko 1991, Robledo et al.
This is not the case for all turbellarians
undatum identified by Koie (1969) are the turbellarian
commensal Graffilla buccinicola (Jameson, 1897), found in the digestive gland and stomach, and the trematode Steringophorus furciger (Olsson, 1867) Odhner, 1902, present only in the stomach.
Axial specification in a basal member of the spiralian clade: lineage relationships of the first four cells to the larval body plan in the polyclad turbellarian
Quantitative differences in mitochondrial ultrastructure of a thiobiotic and an oxybiotic turbellarian