found infesting the gills of Caloosahatchee oysters elicited a light to moderate hemocytic response from the gills and formed a mucus coat around themselves.
There are about 6,500 species of turbellarians
worldwide (Schockaert et al., 2008).
Scale bar = 50 [micro]m, f) turbellarian
Paravortex-like specimen in the intestine lumen.
The polyclad turbellarians
from the Philippine Islands.
observed in the first sampling (Fig.
Distribution of the turbellarian
Urastoma cyprinae on the gills of the eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica.
Changes in the electrophoretic profiles of gill mucus proteases of the Eastern oyster Crassostrea virginica in response to infection by the turbellarian
The histopathological analysis revealed the presence of basophilic intracytoplasmic inclusions in the epithelium of the digestive gland, ciliates and coccidia in gills, trematode sporocysts in gonad, and metacercariae in foot muscle, and a turbellarian
in gills (Table 2).
The cell lineage of a polyclad turbellarian
embryo reveals close similarity to coelomate spiralians.
2010), an isopod that can be found on the skin of the sea cucumber (Menzies & Miller 1955), a platyhelminth that lives in the coelom (Cannon 1990), and turbellarian
parasites that live in its intestine (Hickman 1955, Jondelius 1996).
was found in the connective tissue, gills, gonad, mantle, digestive glands, and foot: trematode sporocysts were identified in the gonads, stomach epithelium, mantle, digestive glands, and foot: and a turbellarian
was observed in the stomach epithelium, gonads, digestive glands, mantle, and gills.
This deployment had conspicuously fewer clams than did comparable ones from which predatory taxa such as Xyloplax and turbellarian
flatworms were absent (unpub.