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A disease caused by Francisella tularensis transmitted to humans from rodents through the bite of a deer fly, Chrysops discalis, and other bloodsucking insects; can also be acquired directly through the bite of an infected animal or through handling of an infected animal's carcass; symptoms consist of fever and swelling and suppuration of the lymph nodes draining the site of infection; rabbits are an important reservoir host.
Synonym(s): deerfly fever, rabbit fever, tularaemia.
[Tulare, Lake and County, CA, + G. haima, blood]


A disease of wild animals, caused by the organism Francisella tularensis , and occurring in the USA, Japan and most European countries other than Britain. It may, rarely, be contracted by humans, by contact with infected animals, by inhalation of infected material or by the bite of infected flies or ticks. The disease features an ulcer at the site of the bite, enlargement and suppuration of the local lymph nodes, and many, scattered, small localized areas of tissue death in all parts of the body. Pneumonic and ocular forms occur, depending on the route of entry. Tularaemic SEPTICAEMIA is highly dangerous. Treatment is with antibiotic drugs such as streptomycin or gentamicin.
References in periodicals archive ?
The report provides a snapshot of the global therapeutic landscape of Tularaemia
Evaluation of tularaemia courses: a multicentre study from Turkey.
Risk factors for pneumonic and ulceroglandular tularaemia in Finland: a population-based case-control study.

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