tuberculous meningitis


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tu·ber·cu·lous men·in·gi·tis

inflammation of the cerebral leptomeninges marked by the presence of granulomatous inflammation; it is usually confined to the base of the brain (basilar meningitis, internal hydrocephalus) and is accompanied in children by an accumulation of spinal fluid in the ventricles (acute hydrocephalus).
Synonym(s): cerebral tuberculosis (1)

tuberculous meningitis

Neurology M tuberculosis meningitis caused by spread from elsewhere in the body Risk factors Hx pulmonary tuberculosis, alcoholism, AIDS. See Meningitis Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

tu·ber·cu·lous men·in·gi·tis

(tū-bĕr'kyū-lŭs men'in-jī'tis)
Inflammation of the cerebral leptomeninges marked by the presence of granulomatous inflammation; it is usually confined to the base of the brain (basilar meningitis, internal hydrocephalus) and is accompanied in children by an accumulation of spinal fluid in the ventricles (acute hydrocephalus).
References in periodicals archive ?
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most common and the worst form of brain infection by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis.
Present study provided that tuberculous meningitis (TBM) as found in 49% of HIV patients and considered common secondary CNS illness in the present study, followed by cryptococcal meningitis (16%).
KeyWords: Tuberculous meningitis, Treatment regimens, Fluoroquinolones, Moxifloxacin.
Evaluation of GeneXpert MTB/RIF for diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis. J Clin Microbiol 2014;52(1):226-233.
All the patients (100%) were categorised as stage 3 tuberculous meningitis. The history of prolonged duration of fever 39(97.55%) and altered level of sensorium 40(100%) were the most common clinical presentations.
Huerga, "Ethambutol in tuberculous meningitis," Am Rev Resp Dis, vol.
Unknown Etiology 21% Tuberculous Meningitis 1.1% Recurrent Pyogenic Meningitis 3% Intracranial Thrombophlebitis 14% Neuro-carcinomatosis 0.6% Pyogenic Meningitis 20% Viral Meningitis 14% Autoimmune Encephalitis 2% Candida Meningitis 0.6% Herpetic Encephalitis 15% Brucella Meningitis 7% Brain Abscess 1.1% Subdural Empyema 0.6% Note: Table made from pie chart.
Despite no evidence of tuberculous meningitis, consideration of typical MRI findings of leptomeningeal enhancement in basal cisterns associated with hydrocephalus and prevalence of tuberculosis led to a tentative diagnosis of tuberculous meningitis.
Tahernia, "Tuberculous meningitis: Modern diagnosis, treatment and prognosis, as exemplified in 38 Cases in Southern Iran," Clinical Pediatrics, vol.
At the beginning, tuberculous meningitis (TBM) was considered.
About 250 cases of CNS infections are admitted each year in the Philippine General Hospital, and almost 75-90% of these is due to tuberculous meningitis (TBM), the most lethal form of extrapulmonary tuberculosis.