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inflammation of one or more lymph nodes, usually caused by a primary focus of infection elsewhere in the body.
cervical lymphadenitis cervical adenitis.
cervical lymphadenitis, tuberculous tuberculosis of the cervical lymph nodes, formerly called scrofula. Called also tuberculous cervical adenitis.
tuberculous lymphadenitis tuberculosis of lymph nodes, usually either cervical (tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis) or mediastinal. See also scrofuloderma.
lymphadenitis resulting from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis of the lymph nodes.
Synonym(s): tuberculosis lymphadenitis
Etymology: L, tuber + lympha, water; Gk, aden, gland, itis, inflammation
an inflammation of the lymph glands caused by the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Lymph node inflammation caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), with granuloma formation and caseating necrosis within the node. The most common presentation is the finding of a neck mass in a febrile patient (a condition called “scrofula”), although MTB and other mycobacteria also can invade lymph nodes in other parts of the body. See: tuberculosis
See also: lymphadenitis