tuberculous lymphadenitis


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lymphadenitis

 [lim″fad-ĕ-ni´tis]
inflammation of one or more lymph nodes, usually caused by a primary focus of infection elsewhere in the body.
cervical lymphadenitis cervical adenitis.
cervical lymphadenitis, tuberculous tuberculosis of the cervical lymph nodes, formerly called scrofula. Called also tuberculous cervical adenitis.
tuberculous lymphadenitis tuberculosis of lymph nodes, usually either cervical (tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis) or mediastinal. See also scrofuloderma.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

tu·ber·cu·lous lym·phad·e·ni·tis

lymphadenitis resulting from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis of the lymph nodes.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

tuberculous lymphadenitis

Lymph node inflammation caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), with granuloma formation and caseating necrosis within the node. The most common presentation is the finding of a neck mass in a febrile patient (a condition called “scrofula”), although MTB and other mycobacteria also can invade lymph nodes in other parts of the body. See: tuberculosis
See also: lymphadenitis
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Tuberculous lymphadenitis. J Assoc physicians India 2009:57(6):585-90.
Abnormal FDG uptake on 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography in patients with cancer diagnosis: case reports of tuberculous lymphadenitis. Intern Med 2009; 48: 115-9.
Qin, "Deepgoing study on intrathoracic tuberculous lymphadenitis in adults using multidetector CT," Chinese Medical Journal, vol.
Extra-pulmonary TB constitutes 15-20% of all cases of Tuberculosis.2 TB Lymphadenitis is seen in nearly 35% of extra-pulmonary cases.2 Cervical lymph nodes are the most common site of involvement (60-90%).2 Tuberculous lymphadenitis historically named 'scrofula'.
Of the 496 cases, 227 (45.8%) aspirates were reported as the cytomorphology of tuberculous lymphadenitis. The rest of the cases were of abscess 4.2% (21/496), chronic reactive hyperplasia 15.5% (77/496), metastatic carcinoma 32.7% (162/496), and lymphoma 1.8% (9/496).
Xpert MTB/RIF for rapid diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis from fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens.
Tuberculous lymphadenitis is the most frequent presentations of extra pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) [1].
The most common expression of extrapulmonary tuberculosis is tuberculous lymphadenitis, which presents as asymptomatic enlargement of cervical or supraclavicular lymph nodes.
Despite the decline of pulmonary tuberculosis in western world, the incidence of tuberculous lymphadenitis has remained the same in Pakistan3.
Pattern of tuberculous lymphadenitis diagnosed by fine needle aspiration cytology at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Cutaneous forms of TB include lupus tuberculosis, tuberculous lymphadenitis, colliquative tuberculosis, verrucous tuberculosis and ulcerous tuberculosis [3].