tuberculous lymphadenitis

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inflammation of one or more lymph nodes, usually caused by a primary focus of infection elsewhere in the body.
cervical lymphadenitis cervical adenitis.
cervical lymphadenitis, tuberculous tuberculosis of the cervical lymph nodes, formerly called scrofula. Called also tuberculous cervical adenitis.
tuberculous lymphadenitis tuberculosis of lymph nodes, usually either cervical (tuberculous cervical lymphadenitis) or mediastinal. See also scrofuloderma.

tu·ber·cu·lous lym·phad·e·ni·tis

lymphadenitis resulting from infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis; tuberculosis of the lymph nodes.

tuberculous lymphadenitis

Etymology: L, tuber + lympha, water; Gk, aden, gland, itis, inflammation
an inflammation of the lymph glands caused by the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

tuberculous lymphadenitis

Lymph node inflammation caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB), with granuloma formation and caseating necrosis within the node. The most common presentation is the finding of a neck mass in a febrile patient (a condition called “scrofula”), although MTB and other mycobacteria also can invade lymph nodes in other parts of the body. See: tuberculosis
See also: lymphadenitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Tuberculous lymphadenitis as a cause of persistent lymphadenopathy in children from a tuberculous-endemic area.
Xpert MTB/RIF for rapid diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis from fine-needle aspiration biopsy specimens.
Fine needle aspiration cytology of suspected tuberculous lymphadenitis.
Detection of acid fast bacilli (AFB) in tuberculous lymphadenitis among adult Ethiopians.
Coclusion: Because tuberculous lymphadenitis is not a rare entity in children in our country, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of lymphade-nopathies.
Key words: Tuberculous lymphadenitis, clinical signs, childhood
The patient then underwent a US-guided core-needle biopsy (US-CNB) because both she and the referring physician were concerned about the possibility that she had tuberculous lymphadenitis.
Our case presented a diagnostic dilemma because most enlarged lymph nodes during the initial and recurrent episodes showed extensive necrosis, which suggested tuberculous lymphadenitis, particularly in a younger person who lives in a region where the prevalence of tuberculosis is still high.
Tuberculous lymphadenitis may occur as an extension of a primary pulmonary infection by lympho-haematogenous dissemination or as a primary disease without pulmonary involvement.
Key Words: tuberculous lymphadenitis, extracranial, intracranial optochiasmatic tuberculoma
4) We initially suspected an infected branchial cleft cyst or tuberculous lymphadenitis, and we were surprised when histology revealed thymic and parathyroid tissue.
When the patient's condition worsened during a course of steroid therapy, he underwent surgical exploration, which revealed the presence of tuberculous lymphadenitis.