tubercle bacillus


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Related to tubercle bacillus: Mycobacterium tuberculosis, tuberculosis

bacillus

 [bah-sil´us] (pl. bacil´li) (L.)
1. an organism of the genus Bacillus.
2. any rod-shaped bacterium.
anthrax bacillus Bacillus anthracis.
Calmette-Guérin bacillus bacille Calmette-Guērin.
coliform bacilli gram-negative bacilli found in the intestinal tract that resemble Escherichia coli, particularly in the fermentation of lactose with gas.
colon bacillus Escherichia coli.
glanders bacillus Pseudomonas mallei.
Hansen's bacillus Mycobacterium leprae.
legionnaire's bacillus Legionella pneumophila.
tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
typhoid bacillus Salmonella typhi.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·'sis

a bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans; it is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1)

tubercle bacillus

n.
A rod-shaped aerobic bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that causes tuberculosis.

tubercle bacillus

(1) Mycobacterium avium complex.
(2) Mycobacterium bovis.
(3) Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um a·vi·um

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm ā'vē-ŭm)
A bacterial species causing tuberculosis in fowl and other birds. Linked to opportunistic infections in humans.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (3) .

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·vis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm bō'vis)
A bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2) .

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm tū-bĕr'kyū-lō'sis)
A bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans. It is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1) .
References in periodicals archive ?
Because it thrives best in the abundance of oxygen in the lungs, the tubercle bacillus prefers invading the lungs.
Although Robert Koch's discovery of the tubercle bacillus in 1882 had no immediate effect on the treatment of tuberculosis, the knowledge that diseases were caused by specific organisms and not by some abnormality of the atmosphere inevitably changed perceptions of both the diseases and the diseased.
Small children in these lands often carry the tubercle bacillus, Margaret K.
The tubercle bacillus is protected against digestion in the stomach by its fatty capsule, and it therefore enters the small bowel, infecting the ileum (ileocaecal area), jejunum, and duodenum, in decreasing order of frequency.
Dyer, a science writer, takes us from the mummies of ancient Egypt, with their visible signs of TB, to the skepticism that met Robert Koch's discovery of the tubercle bacillus, to today's global TB public health emergency.
On March 24, 1882, Robert Koch announced that he had isolated the tubercle bacillus, proving for the first time that the disease, then known as consumption, was caused by a germ.
It has been postulated that Poncet's disease and erythema nodosum could be different immunological expressions of the body to different fractions of tubercle bacillus. Another possibility is thought to be an arthritogenetic factor precipitating the condition.
He worked on rabies with Pierre Roux and on the tubercle bacillus under Robert Koch in Germany.
Within a week in some patients, several weeks in others, the tubercle bacillus disappeared from the expectorate.
Robert Koch: centenary of the discovery of the tubercle bacillus, 1882.
John Snow's use of early epidemiologic tools to associate cholera deaths with water from the Broad Street pump, Louis Pasteur's development of vaccines, and Robert Koch's discovery of tubercle bacillus and the cholera vibrio all get their deserved attention; Florence Nightingale's use of numerical data to demonstrate improvements in patient hygiene comes as a pleasant surprise.
125 years after Robert Koch's discovery of the tubercle bacillus: the new XDR-TB threat.