tubercle bacillus

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Related to tubercle bacilli: tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis

bacillus

 [bah-sil´us] (pl. bacil´li) (L.)
1. an organism of the genus Bacillus.
2. any rod-shaped bacterium.
anthrax bacillus Bacillus anthracis.
Calmette-Guérin bacillus bacille Calmette-Guērin.
coliform bacilli gram-negative bacilli found in the intestinal tract that resemble Escherichia coli, particularly in the fermentation of lactose with gas.
colon bacillus Escherichia coli.
glanders bacillus Pseudomonas mallei.
Hansen's bacillus Mycobacterium leprae.
legionnaire's bacillus Legionella pneumophila.
tubercle bacillus Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
typhoid bacillus Salmonella typhi.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·'sis

a bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans; it is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1)

tubercle bacillus

n.
A rod-shaped aerobic bacterium (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that causes tuberculosis.

tubercle bacillus

(1) Mycobacterium avium complex.
(2) Mycobacterium bovis.
(3) Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

My·co·bac·te·ri·um a·vi·um

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm ā'vē-ŭm)
A bacterial species causing tuberculosis in fowl and other birds. Linked to opportunistic infections in humans.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (3) .

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·vis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm bō'vis)
A bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2) .

My·co·bac·te·ri·um tu·ber·cu·lo·sis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm tū-bĕr'kyū-lō'sis)
A bacterial species that causes tuberculosis in humans. It is the type species of the genus Mycobacterium.
Synonym(s): Koch bacillus, tubercle bacillus (1) .
References in periodicals archive ?
Previous work from our laboratory showed that a significant proportion of patients had conserved (or ancient) strains of tubercle bacilli (6), and analysis based on multiple genetic markers showed genetic relatedness between some clusters of bacilli within Guadeloupe (9).
Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis (EPTB)--EPTB results from hematogenous dissemination of tubercle bacilli to various organs other than lung.
They used the Kuper and May (1960) method by using Auramine O and Rhodamine B.8 Study conducted by Greenwood and Fox in 1973 on "A comparison of methods for staining tubercle bacilli in histological sections" showed 42 (60%) positive AFB on fluorescent technique out of 70 tuberculosis cases.
Ziehl- Neelsen stain demonstrated no tubercle bacilli. Culture on Lowenstein-Jensen medium showed no growth.
Konstantinovich, "Morphological modification by tubercle bacilli: no time for denial," Journal of Infection in Developing Countries, vol.
Tubercle bacilli are known to affect almost every system of the body.
In this environment, it appears that the bacteria are less responsive to current chemotherapy12; thus, increasing attention has been given to understand the histology of necrotic granulomas and the residing tubercle bacilli within them.
There is a firm experimental foundation showing that tubercle bacilli may persist for long periods in vivo in a viable state but nonmultiplying state.
In spite of rare cases of direct inoculation, osteoarticular Tbc is caused by haematogenous, lymphatic or direct local spread of tubercle bacilli from other lesions, from a quiescent pulmonary primary or other extraosseous foci.
It has good sterilizing activity and kills the semi-dormant tubercle bacilli residing in acid environment (11-13).
There are also resistant tubercle bacilli in Central Asia - due to the fact that after the collapse of the Soviet Union, there was no proper care," she explained.Overcrowding and poor ventilation in prisons and the fact that almost all inmates are from poor and disadvantaged families means they are particularly vulnerable to TB, she said.
The synthetic version of Herp consisting of ten amino acids inhibits the replication of DNA viruses such as herpes viruses types 1 and 2, cytomegalovirus and varicella zoster virus as well as Tubercle bacilli. (US 7,399,825)