These factors emphasize the need for research into better and cheaper and eco-friendly trypanocides
. Plants are an important part of the culture and traditions of Africa as most rural communities in African are highly reliant on medicinal plants for their health care needs; this is due to the accessibility and affordability of these plants .
are provided monthly while other veterinary drugs, haematinins, and mineral salt licks are given fortnightly.
Notably, since the public-private partnership was established in 2001, supplies of trypanocides
never ran short, whereas this problem was a matter of continuous concern before.
The currently available and environmentally acceptable methods include parasite control by trypanocides
, vector intervention using traps and insecticide-treated devices and special formulations of insecticides on livestock.
Because of the relatively limited market in Africa and the high cost of developing and licensing new drugs, there is little interest in the development of new trypanocides
for use in either animals or humans (Geerts et al.