trochlear


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to trochlear: trigeminal, hypoglossal, abducens

trochlear

 [trok´le-ar]
1. pertaining to a trochlea.
2. pertaining to the fourth cranial nerve (trochlear nerve).
trochlear nerve the fourth cranial nerve; it supplies muscle sense and the impulse for movement to the superior oblique muscle of the eyeball. See anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices.

troch·le·ar

(trok'lē-ăr),
1. Relating to a trochlea, especially the trochlea of the superior oblique muscle of the eye. Synonym(s): trochlearis (1)
2. Synonym(s): trochleiform

trochlear

(trŏk′lē-ər)
adj.
1. Of, resembling, or situated near a trochlea.
2. Of or relating to the trochlear nerve.

troch·le·ar

(trok'lē-ăr)
1. Relating to a trochlea, especially the trochlea of the superior oblique muscle of the eye.
2. Synonym(s): trochleiform.
References in periodicals archive ?
When the AIN, the epicondylar axis, the center of the femoral trochlear groove, and the trochlear point were identified and error was thought to be present, two other researchers participated in these steps to reduce the measurement error.
The long intracranial course of the trochlear nerve makes it especially prone to injury in closed head traumas.
The trochlear depth was the distance from the line connecting the most anterior parts of the medial and lateral femoral trochlea and the deepest trochlear point.
Through the decrease in artifacts, optimum evaluation of especially curved surfaces and of patellar and trochlear cartilages arranged perpendicularly to the joint is possible with high-resolution two-dimensional multiplanar reconstruction views acquired from 1 mm three-dimensional images.
(d) 2 mm diameter full-thickness articular cartilage defects were created in trochlear grooves of the distal femur by carefully drilling in a vertical direction using a power microdrill.
Oculomotor, trochlear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, and vestibulocochlear nerve palsies are well-recognised complications with the abducens nerve being the most commonly affected one.
The Femur Should Have A Deep Sulcus Trochlear Groove With 7Oq Angle With Multi Radius Design To Support Smoother Anatomical Superior Femoral Roll Back With Close Box Design, 7.
Orbital apex syndrome (OAS) has been described as a syndrome involving damage to the oculomotor nerve (CN3), trochlear nerve (CN4), ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve (CN5) and abducens nerve (CN6) in association with optic nerve dysfunction.
The proximal articular surfaces of all phalanges are concave, and the distal articular surfaces are trochlear, except for the forth phalanx, which is claw shaped and covered by a horny claw.
Patient 4, who had isolated trochlear nerve paralysis, is the fifth case reported in the English literature.
Isolated cranial nerve palsies affecting the trochlear nerve (9) and the facial nerve (10) also have been reported.