trochlea


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trochlea

 [trok´le-ah] (L.)
a pulley-shaped part or structure; used in anatomic nomenclature to designate a bony or fibrous structure through which a tendon passes or with which other structures articulate.

troch·le·a

, pl.

troch·le·ae

(trok'lē-ă, -lē-ē), [TA]
1. A structure serving as a pulley.
2. A smooth articular surface of bone upon which another glides.
[L. pulley, fr. G. trochileia, a pulley, fr. trechō, to run]

trochlea

/troch·lea/ (trok´le-ah) pl. troch´leae   [L.] a pulley-shaped part or structure; used in anatomic nomenclature to designate a bony or fibrous structure through which a tendon passes or with which other structures articulate.troch´lear

trochlea

(trŏk′lē-ə)
n. pl. troch·leae (-lē-ē′)
An anatomical structure that resembles a pulley, especially the part of the distal end of the humerus that articulates with the ulna.

trochlea

[trok′lē·ə]
a pulley-shaped part or structure.

troch·le·a

, pl. trochleae (trok'lē-ă, -ē) [TA]
1. A structure serving as a pulley.
2. A smooth articular surface of bone on which another glides.
3. A fibrous loop in the orbit, near the nasal process of the frontal bone, through which passes the tendon of the superior oblique muscle of the eye.
[L. pulley, fr. G. trochileia, a pulley, fr. trechō, to run]

trochlea

A body structure that resembles a pulley, especially that for the tendon of the superior oblique eye muscle.

troch·le·a

, pl. trochleae (trok'lē-ă, -ē) [TA]
1. Structure serving as a pulley.
2. Smooth articular surface of bone on which another glides.
[L. pulley, fr. G. trochileia, a pulley, fr. trechō, to run]

trochlea

pl. trochleae [L.] a pulley-shaped part or structure; various bony or fibrous structures through or over which tendons pass or with which other structures articulate, e.g. femoral, humeral, radial.

femoral trochlea
the articular surface on the cranial aspect of the distal femur upon which the patella glides.
humeral trochlea
grooved articular surface at the distal end of the humerus; articulates with the radius and ulna.
References in periodicals archive ?
Part of the advantage of using the 3-D model is that the material was similar to bone, so I could determine whether I had to make certain cuts or adjust the angle to shape the trochlea the way I wanted.
The acquired condition can result from trauma or inflammation in the region of the trochlea.
the internal carpal trochlea is anteriorly rounded, not somewhat pointed as in Oxyura.
60 Length from proximal end Distal width of Fossa metatarsi excluding I to distal end of lateral flange Trochlea of Trochlea Species metatarsi II metatarsi II Fossil 11.
The donor site also involves a small part of the trochlea.
The capitellum and trochlea are distorted due to the angle of the CR.
Junior 7 & 8 tongue throat stomach sternum radius thigh kidney eardrum enamel trachea bronchi muscle shoulder tissue plasma Advanced 9 & 10 scapula mandible stapes incus tarsus maxilla carpals bicuspid masseter hyoid carotid lacrimal jugular thyroid cerebrum parietal temporal occipital Super 11 & 12 vertebra pituitary alveoli eustachian tube sphenoid incisor canine platysma buccinator tropezius maxillary sinus sternocleidomastoid metatarsals trochlea mental foramen
Genzyme Biosurgery reported that the topics covered included "the five-year results of the first 100 patients treated with Carticel to repair damaged cartilage on the thigh bone part of the knee; the potential of Carticel in treating injuries to the trochlea, a specific area of the femur beneath the knee cap; and the results of Carticel compared with so-called marrow stimulation techniques, an alternative treatment for some cartilage injuries.
Measurements are 1, greatest length [1, 1]; 2, lateral length [2,-]; 3, mid-shaft width [3, 6]; 4, mid-shaft anteroposterior breadth [4, 7]; 5, proximal articular width [5, 2]; 6, proximal articular breadth [6, 3]; 7, width of magnum facet [7, 5]; 8, width of anterior unciform facet [8, -]; 8', width of posterior unciform facet [8', -]; 9, width of trapezoid facet [9, -]; 10, distal supra-articular width [10, 8]; 11, distal articular width [11, 9]; 12, anteroposterior breath of median ridge of trochlea [12, 11]; 13, least breadth of medical distal condyle [13, -]; 14, greatest breadth of medial distal condyle [14, 10]; 15, width plantar process [-, 4].
Use of a patellar tendon strap or a patellar stabilizing brace can help to insure smooth tracking of the patelia in the trochlea until the supporting muscles are stronger and balanced.