trismus


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trismus

 [triz´mus]
motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, especially spasm of the masticatory muscles, with difficulty in opening the mouth (lockjaw); a characteristic early symptom of tetanus.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs),
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): Ankylostoma (2) , lock-jaw, lockjaw
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

trismus

(trĭz′məs)
n.

tris′mic (-mĭk) adj.

lockjaw

(1) Tetanus, see there.
(2) Trismus, see there.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

trismus

Lockjaw. Tight closure of the mouth from uncontrollable spasm of the chewing muscles. Causes include TETANUS, disorders of the jaw joint, TONSILLITIS, QUINSY, MUMPS, tooth decay, PARKINSON'S DISEASE or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. Treatment is the correction of the cause.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): ankylostoma, lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient's delirium and nuchal rigidityresolved rapidly but trismus persisted.
A 2 years old male Dalmatian cross dog was presented with history of trismus i.e.
Trismus, interincisal distance of 15 to 25 mm, buccal mucosa appears pale, firmly attached to underlying tissues, atrophy of vermilion border, vertical fibrous bands palpable at the soft palate, pterygomandibular raphe and anterior faucial pillars.
xerostomia, dysphagia, trismus) were greater among survey respondents who had oral health related clinical requirements during nursing school than those who did not.
Sokol, "Quantification of trismus following irradiation of the temporomandibular joint," Missouri Dental Journal, vol.
Kulucka suresinin sonunda olgularin cogunda agiz istemli olarak acilamaz ve trismus olarak adlandirilan cenede kilitlenme durumu ortaya cikar.
Extension into the parapharyngeal space may involve the medial pterygoid muscles (leading to trismus).
In a previous study, the treatment regimen was standardized with patients of OSMF with trismus be treated by 1.5 ml (37.5 mg) hydrocortisone acetate mixed with 1500 IU of hyaluronidase injection given intralesionally half dose on each side at weekly interval for 22 wk (18).
Clinical characteristics and results of serologic assays of 8 case-patients with Trichinella infection, Taiwan, 2008 Patient Age, y/ Incubation no./group sex period, d Symptoms 1/A 60/M 7 Fever, myalgia, malaise 2/A 52/M 6 Fever, myalgia, malaise, periorbital swelling, leg swelling 3/A 57/M 14 Myalgia, malaise, trismus, tremor 4/A 57/F 8 Fever, chills, dyspnea, myalgia, malaise, trismus, tremor, periorbital swelling 5/A 62/M 15 Fever, myalgia, malaise 6/B 52/M 8 Fever 7/B 57/M 7 Fever, myalgia, leg swelling, periorbital swelling, skin rash 8/B 47/M 8 Fever, myalgia Acute-phase titer ([dagger]) Patient Eosinophils, T.
Kast (11) reported 4 cases in which tiagabine suppressed nocturnal bruxism, trismus, and consequent morning pain in the teeth, masticatory musculature, jaw, and temporomandibular joint areas.
These include adverse observations such as dentition (or the lack thereof), loose dentures, beards, small mandible (often associated with an anteriorly positioned airway), mouth opening (which could be hampered by such things as wiring, trismus or arthritis), neck pathology (trauma, arthritis, multiple cervical fusions), and facial defects (congenital or acquired such as after trauma).