trismus


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trismus

 [triz´mus]
motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, especially spasm of the masticatory muscles, with difficulty in opening the mouth (lockjaw); a characteristic early symptom of tetanus.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs),
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): Ankylostoma (2) , lock-jaw, lockjaw
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

trismus

/tris·mus/ (triz´mus) motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, especially spasm of the masticatory muscles, with difficulty in opening the mouth (lockjaw); a characteristic early symptom of tetanus.

trismus

(trĭz′məs)
n.

tris′mic (-mĭk) adj.

trismus

[triz′məs]
Etymology: Gk, trismos, gnashing
a prolonged tonic spasm of the muscles of the jaw. Also called
Usage notes: (informal)
lockjaw. See also tetanus.

lockjaw

(1) Tetanus, see there.
(2) Trismus, see there.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of the masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often the initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

trismus

Lockjaw. Tight closure of the mouth from uncontrollable spasm of the chewing muscles. Causes include TETANUS, disorders of the jaw joint, TONSILLITIS, QUINSY, MUMPS, tooth decay, PARKINSON'S DISEASE or ANOREXIA NERVOSA. Treatment is the correction of the cause.

tris·mus

(triz'mŭs)
Persistent contraction of masseter muscles due to failure of central inhibition; often initial manifestation of generalized tetanus.
Synonym(s): ankylostoma, lockjaw.
[L. fr. G. trismos, a creaking, rasping]

trismus (triz´məs),

n spasms of the muscles of mastication resulting in the inability to open the oral cavity; often symptomatic of pericoronitis.

trismus

motor disturbance of the trigeminal nerve, especially spasm of the masticatory muscles, with difficulty in opening the mouth (lockjaw); a characteristic early sign of tetanus.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient remained in hospital on IV antibiotics for a total of 14 days, the noted swellings slowly decreased in size, blood results normalized and the trismus resolved.
During debridement, the use of a power scaler is ideal for reducing pressure on a mandible affected by trismus.
Trismus, asymmetric tonsil and soft palate fullness with fluctuation on palpation and ipsilateral otalgia
A case was defined as mild-to-moderate trismus and at least 1 of the following: spasticity, dysphagia, respiratory embarrassment, spasms, autonomic dysfunction, in a person who injected drugs in the month before symptom onset.
1) Necrotizing fasciitis usually presents with severe pain, dysphagia, trismus, dyspnea, stridor, subcutaneous emphysema, and skin erythema, with vesicle formation.
34), (37) While clinical outcomes may vary among patients, several advantages of BI in the mandible include less unwanted soft tissue anesthesia, potential avoidance of trismus and nonsurgical parathesia from damage to the inferior alveolar and/or lingual nerves, and the fact that it does not require any specialized equipment for intraosseous delivery.
Maxillary distraction surgery is very different from that of the mandible and these patients have been reported to be more difficult to intubate post-distraction (22,23) due to temporalis muscle fibrosis and trismus.
In clinical studies, common adverse reactions due to Ventavis included vasodilation (flushing), cough, headache, trismus, and insomnia.
On physical examination, the patient was observed to have trismus, lateral displacement of the left oral commissure, and extension of the mass into the oral cavity.
This fibrosis can lead to strictures, stenosis, trismus, ulcerations, and scarring, which can present as dysphagia and dysphonia.
trismus in terms of number of centimetres) which may lend itself to better correlation with airway complications.