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An iodide with three atoms of iodine in the molecule; for example, KI3.
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The only problem: some of the most promising perovskites, namely caesium lead triiodide (CsPbI3), are very unstable at room temperature.
The B,N-G-1200 annealed at 1200 AdegC derived from IL-grafted GO as CE has demonstrated the best electrochemical performance for triiodide reduction, yielding a power conversion efciency of 8.08%.
In other cases, the magnetism in 2D really depends on the thickness: chromium triiodide (CrI3) is ferromagnetic as monolayer, anti-ferromagnetic as bilayer, and back to ferromagnetic as trilayer.
The oxidation state was verified by coulometry and titration with triiodide, which might be a coincidence, the potential of peak 2 in acidic solution (143 [+ or -] 9 mV) is half that in alkaline solution (283 [+ or -] 82 mV), where Ru(II) forms stable hydroxospecies in contrast to a cluster ion in acids.
Therefore, it is necessary to regenerate the dye, and electrons are taken from the iodides ([I.sup.-]) contained in the electrolytic solution causing them to oxidize and form triiodide ions ([I.sub.3.sup.-]), which is represented by (3).
Jia, "Synthesis, characterization and thermal decomposition of thiourea complexes of antimony and bismuth triiodide," Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol.
Zimmermann et al., "High efficiency methylammonium lead triiodide perovskite solar cells: the relevance of non-stoichiometric precursors," Energy & Environmental Science, vol.
[51] performed the spectrophotometric determination of dipyrone in commercial samples by flow injection triiodide generation, with sixty results obtained per hour.
Priya, "Improved Phase Stability of Formamidinium Lead Triiodide Perovskite by Strain Relaxation," ACS Energy Letters, vol.
In recent years, mixed halide (C[H.sub.3]N[H.sub.3]Pb[I.sub.3-x][Cl.sub.x]) and triiodide (C[H.sub.3]N[H.sub.3]Pb[I.sub.3]) perovskite absorber (PA) based photovoltaics have been intensively investigated because a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 15% can be achieved by solution processes under low temperatures [1, 2].
[I.sub.2] + [I.sup.-] [??] [I.sub.3.sup.-] (triiodide formation, independent of pH) (10)
The absorbance of the resulting triiodide endpoint was measured with a handheld Hach #5870042 Pocket Colorimeter II Filter Photometer (Loveland, CO) having a 420-nm LED light source.