triglyceride


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

triglyceride

 [tri-glis´er-īd]
a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.



Elevated serum triglycerides are now considered as important as high cholesterol levels in the development of ischemic heart disease. The normal range for serum triglycerides is 0 to 160 mg/100 ml.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol),
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid; for example, tristearoylglycerol.
Synonym(s): triglyceride

triglyceride

/tri·glyc·er·ide/ (-glis´er-īd) a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid esterified to glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride

(trī-glĭs′ə-rīd′)
n.
A naturally occurring ester of three fatty acids and glycerol that is the chief constituent of fats and oils.

triglyceride

[trīglis′ərīd]
a simple fat compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid (e.g., oleic, palmitic, or stearic) and glycerol. Triglycerides make up most animal and vegetable fats and are the principal lipids in the blood, where they circulate within lipoproteins. The total amount of triglyceride and the amount, proportion, and kinds of lipoproteins are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases and conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Normally the total amount of triglyceride in the blood does not exceed 200 to 300 mg/dL. For improved metabolic health and protection to the heart and blood vessels, the American Heart Association recommends an optimum fasting triglyceride level of 100 mg/dL.

triglyceride  

Triacylglycerol A long chain fatty acid ester of glycerol; TGs constitute 95% of fat by weight, and are the major form of stored lipids ↑ in Acute MI, alcoholic cirrhosis, untreated DM, high carbohydrate diet, certain forms of hyperlipoproteinemia, HTN, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy, OCs, estrogens ↓ in Congenital β-lipoproteinemia, hyperthyroidism, malnutrition, vigorous exercise, therapy with ascorbic acid, clofibrate, metformin, phenformin. See Medium chain triglyceride. Cf Cholesterol.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol)
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid.
Synonym(s): triglyceride.

triglyceride

see FAT.

Triglyceride

A substance formed in the body from fat in the diet. Triglycerides are the main fatty materials in the blood. Together with protein, they make up high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). Triglyceride levels are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases including high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

triglyceride

glycerol with an esterified fatty acid at each of three hydroxyl (OH-) groups

triglyceride

a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride absorption test
see fat absorption test.
triglyceride lipase
medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)
short and medium length chain fatty acids (containing four to 12 carbon atoms) are much more rapidly digested than those with long chains. Coconut oil contains a high proportion of medium-chain triglycerides and may be used in the diet of dogs with malabsorption syndrome.

Patient discussion about triglyceride

Q. Improving High Triglycerides I take Tricor for high triglyceride levels; I have a healthy level of total cholesterol, with low LDL, very good HDL. I am now being treated for hypothyroidism, but my doctor says that it's also genetic (I had almost the exact same level number as my brother). How can I work to get my triglycerides under control?

A. High level of triglycerides are generally both genetic and diet related. If you are consuming a high fat containing diet then your level of triglycerides will be increased. On the other hand, regardless of your good cholesterol levels, if you start lowering the amount of fat in your food (less oil, less sweets, less red meat) and combine it with physical activity you can lower your triglycerides level, especially if you are already on medications.

More discussions about triglyceride
References in periodicals archive ?
If these measures don't work or if your triglyceride level is very high, your doctor may prescribe a prescription drug, such as high-dose niacin or a drug that combines a statin with niacin (e.
Thirty percent of the African-Americans in the study are insulin resistant, but only 2% have elevated triglycerides.
If you're overweight, the triglycerides stored in your fat tissues are a useful warning that it's time to lose weight.
Another number to keep in mind is 150 mg/dL, the threshold separating normal and elevated levels of cholesterol's blood cousin: triglycerides.
Specific culprits that raise triglyceride levels include sugar-sweetened beverages, simple sugars found in cakes, cookies, candy, and other sweets, foods that are high in carbohydrates (pasta, bread, and processed rice), and alcohol.
When you eat, the calories that aren't immediately converted into energy are instead converted into triglycerides and stored until the body needs them.
An estimated 10,000 participants with diabetes and triglycerides >200mg/dL will be recruited worldwide.
Low triglyceride levels are likely a consequence of decreased food intake, increased inflammation, cachexia, and/or liver congestion--all of which are associated with chronic heart failure progression.
To correlate postprandial triglyceride levels and carotid intima media thickness.
One in 20 Amish people has a mutation that destroys a gene, APOC3, involved in triglyceride metabolism, as compared with one in 150 Americans generally.
An additional strength of this study is the nonfasting measurement of circulating triglyceride concentrations.
After a 4-week treatment, CaPre achieved a statistically significant triglyceride reduction as compared to Standard of Care.