trichotillomania


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trichotillomania

 [trik″o-til´o-ma´ne-ah]
an impulse control disorder consisting of an irresistible compulsion to pull out one's hair, the act being preceded by tension or an irresistible urge and followed by pleasure or relief. The diagnosis excludes such activities when caused by physical factors or by delusions or hallucinations. Specific patterns or rituals of hair pulling are often present.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trik'ō-til'ō-mā'nē-ă),
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

/tricho·til·lo·ma·nia/ (-til″o-ma´ne-ah) compulsive pulling out of one's hair.

trichotillomania

(trĭk′ō-tĭl′ə-mā′nē-ə, -mān′yə)
n.
A psychiatric disorder characterized by the compulsive plucking out of hairs from one's own body, especially from the scalp, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

trichotillomania

[trik′ōtil′ōmā′nē·ə]
Etymology: Gk, thrix + tillein, to pull, mania, madness
an impulse disorder characterized by a desire to pull out one's hair, frequently seen in cases of severe mental retardation and delirium. Also called hair pulling, trichomania. See also trichologia. trichomanic, trichotillomanic, adj.
The compulsive pulling out of one's own hair—formally, chronic traction alopecia—to the point that it is noticeable and causing significant distress or impairment. It affects up to 2.5 million in the US, begins in childhood, and is more common in girls—female:male ratio is 8:1 in pre-adolescents and 3:1 in adults—peaking at age 12–13; it is a disorder of impulse control, linked to tics, and habit disorders—e.g., thumb-sucking—and attributed to unresolved psychodynamic conflicts, low self-esteem, stress, anxiety, depression
DiffDx Alopecia areata, tinea capitis, traction alopecia, loose anagen syndrome
Complications Patchy alopecia, suppurative dermatitis, permanent loss of hair, repetitive stress injury, carpal tunnel syndrome, gastrointestinal obstruction due to trichophagia, which begets trichobezoars
Management Hypnosis, behaviour modification, psychotherapy, IMAOs, amitriptyline, etc. have been tried with varying degrees of success; tricyclic antidepressants—e.g., clomipramine—may be effective short-term

trichotillomania

Hair-pulling, trichomania Psychiatry A chronic traction alopecia of childhood onset affecting adolescent and adult ♀, affecting ± 8 million–US; it is a disorder of impulse control, linked to tics, and habit disorders–eg, thumb-sucking, attributed to psychodynamic conflicts Management Hypnosis, behavior mod, psychotherapy, IMAOs, amitriptyline, etc have been tried with varying degrees of failure; TCAs–eg, clomipramine, may be effective short-term. See Obsessive compulsive disorder.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trik'ō-til'ŏ-mā'nē-ă)
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

An apparent compulsion to pull out one's own hair, sometimes manifested by people with psychotic disorders or severe mental retardation. Anxious or frustrated children sometimes pull out hair.

Trichotillomania

An impulse or compulsion to pull out one's own hair.

trich·o·til·lo·ma·ni·a

(trikō-tilŏ-mānē-ă)
A compulsion to pull out one's own hair.
[tricho- + G. tillo, pull out, + mania, insanity]

trichotillomania

a psychogenic dermatosis in which the animal pulls out its own hair; seen in cats.
References in periodicals archive ?
Following confirmation that symptoms associated with Trichotillomania are the identified problems; antecedents, behaviors and consequences should be discussed with the client (Mansueto et al.
At the conclusion of treatment, those who had taken N-acetylcysteine showed significant improvement on both the severity subscale and the "resistance and control" subscale of the Massachusetts General Hospital Hair-pulling Scale, as well as on the Psychiatric Institute Trichotillomania Scale.
People who have overcome trichotillomania employ various methods to change their behavior such as:
On histology, a high frequency of telogen hairs and a high frequency of non-inflamed catagen hairs are typical of trichotillomania.
said he and his colleagues began testing antipsychotics because treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder have been largely ineffective in patients with trichotillomania.
Trichotillomania sufferer, Louise, comments "Having suffered from trichotillomania for 17 years, I learned to accept that I'd never have real lashes again.
Called trichotillomania it's a common reaction to stress or nerves," explains trichologist Philip Kingsley.
For problems that are based in the world of action--certain types of anxiety disorders or somatoform and dissociative disorders--and for those that involve habit control issues--smoking, excess eating, and possibly trichotillomania or insomnia--the learning and philosophizing aspects of LPA move quickly into the action phase.
The inpatient program will treat women suffering from: obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD); panic disorder; specific phobia; social anxiety disorder; generalized anxiety disorder; anxiety disorder NOS (not otherwise specified); and OCD spectrum disorders, such as body dysmorphic disorder or trichotillomania.
It's not all that uncommon and is officially known as trichotillomania.
Some years ago, I treated a woman who had been diagnosed with trichotillomania.
Wendy, who works in HR, developed trichotillomania - known as TTM - when she was aged around 11.