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trich·o·thi·o·dys·tro·phy(trik'ō-thī'ō-dis'trŏ-fē), [MIM*234050 and MIM*601675]
Congenital brittle hair resulting from low sulfur-containing amino acid (cysteine) content sometimes associated with mental impairment and short stature; autosomal recessive inheritance.
[tricho- + thio- + G. dys, bad, + trophē, nourishment]
trichothiodystrophy/tricho·thio·dys·tro·phy/ (-thi″o-dis´trah-fe) sparse, brittle hair with an unusually low sulfur content and a banded appearance under polarized light, often accompanied by short stature and mental retardation.
BIDS syndromeAn acronym for an autosomal recessive genodermatosis (MIM:234050) defined by its characteristic disorders:
▪ Brittle hair;
▪ Intellectual impairment;
▪ Decreased fertility;
▪ Short stature.
A condition characterised by brittle, sulfur-poor hair, mental and physical retardation, onychodystrophy, ichthyotic skin, caused by an inherited defect in the ‘excision repair’ pathway