trichothecenes


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trichothecenes

(trĭk-kō-the-sēnz),
Mycotoxins of Fusarium tricinctum, F. sporotrichoides, F. poae, Trichothecium, and Stachybotrys species; the cause of alimentary toxic aleukia in farm animals and humans.
See also: mycotoxin.
References in periodicals archive ?
2001) to investigate potential nasal toxicity of satratoxin G (SG), one of the most potent trichothecenes produced by S.
Trichothecenes include T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol (DAS), deoxynivalenol (DON or vomitoxin), and nivalenol.
The atranones 3,4-epoxy-6-hydroxy-dolabella-7, 12-diene-one; 6-hydroxy-dolaballa-3,7,12-trien-14-one; and atranone A were also present, whereas no trichothecenes (e.
The complex trichothecenes, satratoxin and roridin, produced by Stachybotrys chartarum, were found in minute quantities.
These immunosuppressors, along with the mycotoxin trichothecenes, may be responsible for the high toxicity of Stachybotrys.
High concentrations of aflatoxins and trichothecenes in feed can also cause high mortality in cattle [18], while chronic aflatoxin poisoning in dairy cattle leads to a decrease in feed conversion efficiency, milk production and reproductive efficiency [19, 20].
2014) Incidence of aflatoxins, fumonisins, trichothecenes and ochratoxins in Nigerian foods and possible intervention strategies.
Phytotoxicity evaluation of type B trichothecenes using a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii model system.
It also reduces the quality of the grain by contaminating it with harmful mycotoxins such as the trichothecenes rendering it unsafe for human and livestock consumption.
Deoxynivalenol is a trichothecenes which is a large group of sesquiterpenoid antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotes also referred to as vomitoxin.
Co-occurrence of type-A and type-B trichothecenes in barley from a northern region of Spain.