trichothecene mycotoxin

tri·cho·the·cene my·co·tox·in

(trī-kō-thē'sēn mī'kō-toks'in)
Any fungal toxin (mycotoxin) containing a trichothecene ring. A variety of toxins from unrelated species contain this chemical moiety. They are stable in the environment and cause multiorgan effects.
References in periodicals archive ?
Satratoxin G (SG) is a macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxin produced by Stachybotrys chartarum, the "black mold" suggested to contribute etiologically to illnesses associated with water-damaged buildings.
The authors presented an interesting pilot serologic investigation for IgG and IgM antibodies to roridin (a macrocyclic trichothecene mycotoxin produced by Stachybotrys chartarum) and found no elevation of antibodies in the index case, an individual with repeated exposure to a water-damaged building.
Influence of agricultural practices on fusarium infection of cereals and subsequent contamination of grain by trichothecene mycotoxins.
Croteau SM, Prelusky DB and HL Trenholm Analysis of trichothecene Mycotoxins by Gas Chromatography with Electron Capture Detection.
He was responsible for the laboratory developing methods for monitoring mustard gas, trichothecene mycotoxins, and marine toxins, and the initial setup of the Laboratory Response Network for chemical terrorism was conducted under his direction.
Metabolism of three trichothecene mycotoxins, T-2 toxin, diacetoxyscirpenol, and deoxynivalenol, by bovine rumen microorganisms.
This conference should be of considerable interest to practitioners and consultants addressing indoor environmental quality (IEQ) problems, with new data being presented on many topics, including PCR, trichothecene mycotoxins, MVOCs, and bioaerosol sampling studies from around the world.
A variety of toxins can be used for biological warfare, including ricin, trichothecene mycotoxins, and staphylococcal enterotoxins (71).
The trichothecene mycotoxins are a group of toxic secondary metabolites characterized by the tetracyclic 12,13-epoxy trichothecenes, since they all have an olefinic bond at C9, 10 and the epoxy ring at C12, 13 (Bamburg et al.
Fusarium graminearum, which infects mainly corn, wheat and barley, produces trichothecene mycotoxins such as deoxynivalenol (DON) while Fusarium verticilliodes (recently renamed from Fusarium moniliforme) is mainly a maize (corn) pathogen, and produces compounds called fumonisins (see Figure 1).
The article, "Detection of Airborne Stachybotrys chartarum Macrocyclic Trichothecene Mycotoxins in the Indoor Environment," published in the November issue of the journal, reports on a study in which a SpinCon PAS 450-10 air sampler from Sceptor Industries was used in seven mold-contaminated buildings to capture samples during inspection and remediation activities.