The ESP/RS resident professional biologist participates in the work carried out by the team, contributing to the surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis through educational actions, social mobilization, entomological investigation and research on the vector in the inner and peridomicile, in addition to collaborating in health promotion and education activities so that the attached populations and workers of the Health Facilities, chosen as Triatomine
Information Centers of the municipality are attentive and sensitized to act in the prevention and control of Chagas Disease.
Human Chagas disease is caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, acquired primarily through contact with infected excreta of triatomine
insects (known as "kissing bugs").
From 2002-2010, we isolated the uncharacterized clones from humans; triatomine
vectors (Panstrongylus geniculatus, Rhodnius prolixus, and Triatoma venosa insects); and sylvatic mammalian hosts (Dasypus spp.
Transmission occurs when triatomine
bugs, commonly called "kissing bugs," pierce the skin to feed and leave behind parasite-infected feces that can enter the bloodstream; pregnant women can also transmit Chagas to their newborns.
Such information and knowledge may be a great help in planning bird conservation strategies and may also be applied in health sciences since Phacellodomus nests are the habitats for some triatomine
species which are vectors of Chagas" disease (DI IORIO; TURIENZO, 2009; GURGEL-GONCALVES et al.
Every year, more than 1 million people die from diseases carried by mosquitoes, flies and other insects, such as triatomine
Similar assumptions have been made to compare the life-table strategies of geographically distinct strains of Culex quinquefasciatus (13) as well as for carrying-on comparisons among populations of two triatomine
species on three different studies (5-7) after colonization in the standard laboratory conditions.
Some studies reporting the insecticidal properties of Annonaceae were primarily tested to control insect disease vectors such as mosquitoes (Diptera) and several species of triatomine
bugs (Hemiptera, Reduviidae) (CARNEIRO et al.
The parasite is transmitted by a triatomine
bug, commonly called a kissing bug.
cruzi), a tropical parasitic illness commonly transmitted via triatomine
bugs or orally as a food-borne mechanism through the ingestion of contaminated food/drink.
cruzi implicates hematophagous triatomine
insect (vectors), a wide range of vertebrate mammalian hosts and different developmental forms of the parasite.
Once controlling measures against the triatomine
insects are implemented, secondary mechanisms of transmission become relevant, such as blood transfusion, organ transplantation, ingestion of contaminated food and transplacental route, especially in countries where vectorial transmission does not occur.