lipase is a major regulator of hepatic lipid metabolism but not insulin sensitivity in mice.
Caption: Figure 3: Triacylglycerol
synthesis and usual seipin localization.
Table 3 shows that NAC administration decreased serum concentration of triacylglycerols
, total cholesterol, VLDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol (p < 0.05) and increased HDL-cholesterol concentration in diabetic rats (DM+NAC) compared to the DM group (p < 0.05).
The enzymatic colorimetric assays for the quantification of triacylglycerol
and total cholesterol (T-Chol) from detection kits were purchased from InVitro (Itabira, SP, Brazil).
Oleic acid is considered as the most important triacylglycerol
fatty acid that can induce lipase production in several microorganisms including yeasts, bacteria, and filamentous fungi (Treichel, Oliveira, Mazutti, Luccio, & Oliveira, 2010).
Note that the results in Table 4 indicate that LDL and triacylglycerol
in the BJJ group are lower when compared to the values of both the AT and ST groups (P=0.01 and P=0.01), respectively.
Furthermore, simvastatin was also found to reduce the levels of blood cholesterol and triacylglycerol
(Wang et al., 2013), and liver TBARS (Ozansoy 2001), however it failed to increase the antioxidants GSH, glutathione-S-transferase, and glutathione peroxidase in liver tissue homogenates obtained from rats fed on HFD and from aged rats (Abbas & Sakr, 2013, Helmy, 2012).
Abbreviations CVD: Cardiovascular disease TAG: Triacylglycerol
VLDL: Very low density lipoprotein LDL-C: Low Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol HDL-C: High Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol FSH: Follicle stimulating hormone LH: Luteinizing hormone BMI: Body mass index LPL: Lipoprotein lipase HSL: Hormone sensitive lipase.
Major Component, Fatty Acid, and Triacylglycerol
determined the triacylglycerol
and triterpene ester fraction composition of the kernel fats of the shea tree from 36 samples from Cote d'Ivoire, Ghana, Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Sudan, and Uganda.
Dietary medium-chain triacylglycerol
prevents the postprandial rise of plasma triacylglycerols
but induces hypercholesterolemia in primary hypertriglyceridemic subjects.
While homeostatic mechanisms controlling specific lipids such as sterols are well characterized, the regulation and coordination of fatty acid (FA) and triacylglycerol
(TG) synthesis remains largely unknown.