traumatic shock


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traumatic shock

Etymology: Gk, trauma, wound; Fr, choc
the emotional or psychological state after trauma that may produce abnormal behavior. The most common types are hypovolemic shock from blood loss and neurogenic shock caused by a disruption of the integrity of the spinal cord.

traumatic shock

Shock due to injury or surgery. In the abdomen, it may result from hemorrhage and/or peritonitis secondary to a disrupted or perforated viscus. Additional causes of traumatic shock include the following:

Cerebral injury: Shock from concussion of the brain secondary to cranial contusion or fracture or spontaneous hemorrhage. The shock may be evident immediately or later due to edema or delayed intracranial hemorrhage. Chemical injury: Shock due to physiological response to tissue injury, such as fluid mobilization, toxicity of the agent, and reflexes induced by pain due to the effect of chemicals, esp. corrosives. Crushing injury: Shock caused by disruption of soft tissue with release of myoglobulins, hemorrhage, and so forth, generally proportional to the extent of the injury. Fracture (esp. open fracture): Shock due to blood loss, fat embolism, and the physiological effects of pain. Heart damage: Shock caused by myocardial infarction, myocarditis, pericarditis, pericardial tamponade, or direct trauma with ensuing cardiovascular effects. Inflammation: Shock caused by severe sepsis, for example, peritonitis due to release of toxins affecting cardiovascular function and significant fluid mobilization. Intestinal obstruction: Shock caused by respiratory compromise due to distention, fluid mobilization, release of bacterial toxins, and pain. Nerve injury: Shock caused by injury to the area controlling respirations (e.g., high cervical cord injury) or to highly sensitive parts, such as the testicle, solar plexus, eye, and urethra, or secondary to cardiovascular reflexes stimulated by pain. Operations: Shock that may occur even after minor operations and paracentesis or catheterization due to rapid escape of fluids resulting in abrupt alteration of intra-abdominal pressure dynamics and hemorrhage. Perforation or rupture of viscera: Shock resulting from acute pneumothorax, ruptured aneurysm, perforated peptic ulcer, perforation of appendicial abscess or colonic diverticulum, or ectopic pregnancy. Strangulation: Shock resulting from strangulated hernia, intussusception, or volvulus. Thermal injury: Shock caused by burn, frostbite, or heat exhaustion secondary to fluid mobilization due to the physiological effects of pain. Torsion of viscera: Shock caused by torsion of an ovary or a testicle secondary to the physiological effects of pain.

See also: shock

Traumatic shock

A condition of depressed body functions as a reaction to injury with loss of body fluids or lack of oxygen. Signs of traumatic shock include weak and rapid pulse, shallow and rapid breathing, and pale, cool, clammy skin.
Mentioned in: Wounds

traumatic

1. pertaining to, resulting from, or causing trauma.
2. in cattle, and in all ruminants, a special meaning is perforation of the reticular wall by a swallowed foreign body.

traumatic hepatitis
penetration by a foreign body from externally via the skin or internally from the reticulum.
traumatic laminitis
traumatic liver abscess
caused usually by perforation of the stomach wall by a foreign body. Causes toxemia, leukocytosis, fever and pain on percussion over the posterior right ribs.
traumatic mastitis
see traumatic mastitis.
traumatic peritonitis
see traumatic peritonitis.
traumatic reticulopericarditis
caused by an extension of reticuloperitonitis, especially in cows in late pregnancy; characterized by congestive heart failure with marked edema of the brisket and jowl, 'washing machine' heart sounds and disappearance of the normal sounds. There is a marked leukocytosis, fever and toxemia.
traumatic reticuloperitonitis
caused by perforation of the reticular wall by a sharp foreign body in any ruminant but most common in adult dairy cows being fed processed feeds. Manifested by an acute fall in milk yield and appetite, a humped back and disinclination to move, pain on percussion over the xiphisternum, ruminal stasis, fever and a leukocytosis. Called also TRP, hardware disease, reticulitis, traumatic peritonitis.
traumatic reticulopleurisy
inflammation of the wall of the reticulum and nearby pleura of cattle caused by the penetration of a foreign body from the reticulum into the pleural cavity. Characterized by toxemia, fever, leukocytosis, pain on percussion over the ribs, fast shallow grunting respiration, elbows abducted.
traumatic reticulosplenitis
inflammation of the wall of the reticulum and nearby spleen of cattle caused by penetration of a foreign body into the spleen. Characterized by toxemia, leukocytosis, fever and pain on percussion over the upper posterior right ribs.
traumatic shock
see vasogenic shock.
traumatic splenitis
see traumatic reticulosplenitis (above).
traumatic wet lung
see shock lung.
References in periodicals archive ?
sup][9] Third, more than half of the patients with neurogenic, septic, or hemorrhagic and traumatic shock were administered a PPI in the ED.
Dr Philip Munro, from Glasgow's Southern General hospital, said: "Death by traumatic shock is caused by massive blood loss.
The three specific goals of the preclinical research in models of traumatic shock will be to examine the ability of HE2200 to (1) modulate the immune and inflammatory response systemically and in multiple organ systems, (2) preserve microcirculatory flow and tissue oxygenation and (3) improve survival.
Bernard O'Reilly, 44, collapsed and went into traumatic shock.
One could argue that "Baby" really is about the traumatic shock of one's first encounter with the worst that one can imagine.
It was a traumatic shock and knowing he was not fit to play made us inhibited and inward-looking.
AHRF is a life-threatening pulmonary disorder than can result from many causes, including serious infections, traumatic shock, severe burns or inhalation of toxic substances.
This helps to avoid confusion and the potential for it to be a traumatic shock if they find out later that they've been deceived.
Confronted with a collection of letters like Zeljeznicar or Skonto Riga, they recoil in fear and 90 minutes later they are led back to their hotel in deep traumatic shock.
Several police officers and ambulancemen who were first on the scene at Worcester Park, near Sutton, Surrey, were yesterday being counselled by experts in traumatic shock syndrome.
He spent three weeks in a psychiatric unit for post traumatic shock.
Are you feeling traumatized by the relentless series of sudden, nasty, and traumatic shocks to our economic, political, social, moral, and spiritual foundations?

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