Causes of the 7 reported deaths were advanced TB (2), encephalitis in an untreated HIV patient (1), traumatic pneumothorax
(1), sepsis in an HIV patient (1), respiratory failure related to end-stage hepatitis (1), and sudden death of unknown cause (1); a possible relationship to anti-TB drugs was initially reported in the last 2 cases.
Bedside Ultrasonography: A Useful Tool for Traumatic Pneumothorax
A deep dive into the case revealed that the coder had assigned the code for traumatic pneumothorax
with a seventh character of "D," which indicates a subsequent encounter for the pneumothorax.
Common classification is to classify it into spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) which occurs without a preceding external trauma, and traumatic pneumothorax
which follows penetrating, blunt or barometric trauma to the chest.
5-7 Traumatic pneumothorax
is divided into three groups as blunt, penetrating, and iatrogenic pneumothorax.
Pneumorrhachis occurs in a variety of settings, including skull and spinal fractures, epidural abscess, epidural anesthesia, lumbar puncture, and traumatic pneumothorax
Pneumothorax can be divided into spontaneous pneumothorax, which further divided into primary and secondary traumatic pneumothorax
, which further divided into Iatrogenic and Non-Iatrogenic (Artificial).
A traumatic pneumothorax
results from medical procedures (iatrogenic) or injuries, e.
Principles of diagnosis and management of traumatic pneumothorax
detection with thoracic US: correlation with chest radiography and CT: initial experience.
Rowan KR, Kirkpatrick AW, Liu D 2002 Traumatic pneumothorax
detection with thoracic US: correlation with chest radiography and CT--initial experience Radiology 225(1)210-214
In his essay "On the Management of Acute Traumatic Pneumothorax