traumatic cataract

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trau·mat·ic cat·a·ract

a cataract caused by contusion, rupture, or a foreign body.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
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A study on 79 asymptomatic boxers showed that 66% of them had ocular damage including traumatic cataracts (19%), retinal breaks (24%) and anterior chamber angle deformities (19%).
The most common posterior segment finding on ultrasound B-scan in ocular trauma patients is vitreous haemorrhage (33.3%) followed by IOFB (24.6%), retinal detachment (RD) (11.7%), endophthalmitis (7%), globe rupture (7%), traumatic cataract and lens dislocation (4%), traumatic enucleation (0.8%), while choroidal detachments and posterior vitreous detachments were less common findings (table-IV).
Krishniah et al (11) noted 33.3% of traumatic cataract, 33.33% corneal scars and 8% phthisis.
Phacoemulsification through a 1.8 mm incision would also be feasible under anterior chamber maintainer infusion to maintain adequate infusion during the surgical maneuver in a similar case of traumatic cataract with posterior capsular rupture.
Traumatic cataract may develop within hours and prevent visualization of the fundus.
In a study by Angra (17), the causes of non traumatic cataract in 366 children were hereditary (25%), congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (15%) and undetermined (51%).
When zinc levels in lenses with mature senile cataract were compared with those in lenses with traumatic cataract, those with senile cataract had lower levels.
On May 18, Troy was seen in the ophthalmology department and found to have a traumatic cataract, a peaked iris, and a corneal scar in his left eye.
Children can have a cataract at birth or soon thereafter (congenital cataract) or acquire it through an injury to the eye (traumatic cataract).
After taking permission from hospital ethical committee, patients fulfilling the inclusion criteria (Individuals between 50-70 years of age irrespective of gender having posterior capsular opacification diagnosed on slit lamp examination and more than six month's follow-up after cataract surgery) and exclusion criteria (cases of glaucoma, IOL implant in traumatic cataract, combined procedure, diabetic retinopathy or any other retinal disease and postoperative complications such as endophthalmitis) were selected.
All those with simple age-related cataracts with no ocular conditions that can limit the final visual outcome were included, while all patients of glaucoma, maculopathies, traumatic cataract and those with previous ocular surgeries were excluded.
Children with traumatic cataract, retinopathy of prematurity, congenital glaucoma, microphthalmos, persistent fetal vasculature, Marfan's syndrome, and other anterior or posterior segment anomalies were excluded.

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