trauma score


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Related to trauma score: Pediatric Trauma Score

score

 [skor]
a rating, usually expressed numerically, based on specific achievement or the degree to which certain qualities are manifest.
APACHE score (acute physiological assessment and chronic health evaluation) a widely used method for assessing severity of illness in acutely ill patients in intensive care units, taking into account a variety of routine physiological parameters.
Apgar score a numerical expression of an infant's condition at birth, based on heart rate, respiratory effort, muscle tone, reflex irritability, and color; see also apgar score.
Bishop score a score for estimating the prospects of induction of labor, arrived at by evaluating the extent of cervical dilatation, effacement, the station of the fetal head, consistency of the cervix, and the cervical position in relation to the vaginal axis.
Silverman-Andersen score a system for evaluating the breathing of premature infants; see also Silverman-Andersen score.
stroke score any of various scoring systems that seek to characterize a patient's clinical state following a stroke.
trauma score a rating system used in the evaluation of patients with traumatic injury. Scores range from 1 to 15, with lower scores being associated with higher mortality rates.

trauma score

Emergency medicine An index measuring systolic BP, respiratory rate, lung expansion, capillary refill, eye opening, verbal and motor responses, placing them on a scale of 2 to 16. Cf Injury Severity Score.

trau·ma score

(traw'mă skōr)
A numeric calculation, based on the sum of a number of physiologic parameters, assigned to a trauma patient as a means of predicting outcome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Trauma score is determined according to the difficulty of extraction [9] Trauma Score Definition 1 Single-rooted tooth extraction 2 Two-rooted tooth extraction 3 Three-rooted tooth extraction 4 Surgical tooth extraction Table 2.
Since, lactate levels increase rapidly in tissue hypoxia and cleared from the blood with restored perfusion and treatment, evaluation of a second lactate level and the rate of decrease (called lactate clearance) were proposed for the estimation of mortality.10 However, comparison of the prognostic utility of those clearances with physiological trauma scores were limited.10,11 Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the prognostic utility of initial and 2nd hour lactate levels, and 2-hour clearance lactate for 30-days mortality, and compare them with the physiological trauma scores.
The Pediatric Trauma Score Clinical Score Parameter -2 +1 +2 Weight (kg) <10 10-20 [greater than or equal to]20 Airway Unmaintainable Maintainable Normal Systolic blood <50 50-90 [greater than or equal to]90 pressure (mmHg) Central nervous Coma or Obtunded/Loss of Awake system decerebrate consciousness Open wound Major/penetrating Minor None Skeletal Open/multiple Closed fracture None fractures Table 3.
Prehospital airway and ventilation management: a trauma score and injury severity score-based analysis.
Trauma scores were moderately correlated with PKU concerns.
Information concerning injury severity (for Injury Severity Score (ISS), The Revised Injury Severity Score (TRISS), Assault Trauma Score (ATS) and Glasgow Coma Score (GCS)) was recorded using a standard proforma.
"A Progress Report on the Trauma Score in Predicting a Fatal Outcome." The Journal of Trauma 26, no.
It also indicated which vital signs, haemogram results, Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), Trauma Score (TS) and Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) were measured and recorded on the first, second, third and fourth days.
Given that it is difficult to predict death in patients with multiple trauma, several severity scoring systems have been developed to gauge severity of trauma and predict death risk in this group: GCS, ISS, AIS, APACHE II, revised trauma score, trauma and injury severity score, and the new injury sverity score [9,11,12, 26-28].

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