Free flaps used for reconstruction were: Antero lateral thigh free flap (ALTF) (n=8, 40%), Radial forearm free flap (RFFF) (n=6, 30%), free latissimus dorsi (n=4, 20%), Transversus Abdominis muscle
(TRAM) flap (n=2, 10%).
Fora posterior QL block with posteroanterior needle trajectory (an alternative approach) (c), the needle is advanced towards the LIFT on the posterior surface of the QL (ES, erector spinae; LD, latissimus dorsi; LIFT, lumbar interfascial triangle; QL, quadratus lumborum; PM, psoas major; EO, external oblique muscle; IO, internal oblique muscle; TA, transversus abdominis muscle
The relation between the transversus abdominis muscles
, sacroiliac joint mechanics, and low back pain.
Leonardo, "Concurrent validity of the pressure biofeedback unit and surface electromyography in measuring transversus abdominis muscle
activity in patients with chronic nonspecific low back pain," Revista Brasileira de Fisioterapia, vol.
Since these segmental nerves communicate just above the transversus abdominis muscle
, the subfascial spread of local anesthetic can provide anterolateral abdominal wall analgesia .
Subsequent to the perpendicular insertion, localization of the needle was detected under direct laparoscopic vision with the help of its trace, and when the needle's tip was positioned at the fascial space between the internal oblique and the transversus abdominis muscle
, 15 cc of 0.25% bupivacaine was injected bilaterally.
The influence of Pilates training on the ability to contract the transversus abdominis muscle
in asymptomatic individuals.
An MRI investigation into the function of the transversus abdominis muscle
during "drawing-in" of the abdominal wall.
In my experience performing CST, I discovered an extra space that lies out lateral to the rectus sheath where I was able to access the plane between the transversus abdominis muscle
and the internal oblique muscle and create a space to lay a large mesh.
The abdominal wall sensory afferents course through the transversus abdominis plane superficial to the transversus abdominis muscle
The results of these studies show that the most important risk factors for such injuries are previous injuries (hamstring and groin), (7) reduced muscle strength and muscle strength imbalances (reduced hamstring to quadriceps strength ratio), (7), (8), (9) reduced pre-season range of motion (ROM), (10), (11) reduced core muscle strength, and delayed activation of the transversus abdominis muscle
. (7) The following were not identified as significant risk factors for hamstring strains: age, body size, limb dominance and playing position.
These studies provide evidence of the ability of ultrasound to measure transversus abdominis muscle
activation at low levels of contraction.