transvaginal ultrasonography

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transvaginal ultrasonography

An ultrasonic examination of the uterus, fallopian tubes, endometrium, and, in pregnant patients, the fetus, by placing a transducer inside the vagina.

Patient care

It may be used to diagnose ectopic pregnancy, determine multiple pregnancies, locate the placenta, identify ovarian cysts and pelvic cancers, and visualize tubo-ovarian abscesses. The patient prepares for the ultrasound by removing her clothing from the waist down and dressing in a clean gown. She is helped into a supine position on an examination table, and her knees are placed in approx. 90° of flexion with her feet supported in stirrups. The ultrasound transducer is covered with a condom or sterile glove coated with a lubricant gel. The patient is told that the probe will be inserted into her vagina, and that the gel may feel cold and slippery. The probe is then directed toward the internal organs, from which sound wave (echo) images are obtained, usually painlessly and without ionizing radiation exposure.

Synonym: endovaginal ultrasound; pelvic ultrasonography
See also: ultrasonography
References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, endometrial thickness measurement by transvaginal ultrasonography is very important for further evaluation of postmenopausal bleeding patients.
Comparison of transvaginal ultrasonography with hysterosonography as a screening method in patients with abnormal uterine bleeding.
These women should have annual physical and pelvic exams, a CA 125 test, and a transvaginal ultrasonography (8).
Pregnancy of unknown location (PUL) is a descriptive term used for a woman who has positive pregnancy test, but no pregnancy can be visualised on transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS).
The aim of the present study was to compare the efficiency of transvaginal ultrasonography and the Bishop's scoring system in predicting success of labour induction.
The committee opinion cited a number of reports comparing transvaginal ultrasonography with endometrial sampling that consistently found that an endometrial thickness of less than or equal to 4-5 mm in patients with postmenopausal bleeding reliably excluded endometrial cancer (ACOG Committee Opinion 440, August 2009).
Transvaginal ultrasonography and hysteroscopy in postmenopausal bleeding: A prospective study.
The endometrial safety substudy focused on 643 women who had transvaginal ultrasonography at baseline and at month 24.
Using transvaginal ultrasonography (TVS), the thickest part of the anteroposterior bilayer endometrial thickness was measured (in millimetres) in the sagittal plane.