Transmission of Francisella tularensis holarctica in Mosquitoes, Sweden
and transovarial transmission of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Leptotrombidium imphalum and Leptotrombidium chiangraiensis (Acari: Trombiculidae).
Similarly, the infection passes from the egg to the larva or adult in a process called transstadial
transmission of infectious agents is also possible, such as with hard ticks.
Natural infection, transovarial transmission, and transstadial
survival of Rickettsia bellii in the Tick Ixodes loricatus (Acari: Ixodidae) from Brazil.
felis infections in their progeny through transovarian and transstadial
and intrastadial experimental transmission of Ehrlichia canis by male Rhipicephalus sanguineus.
transmission: transfer of the agent from one tick life stage (instar) through molting to the next instar.
stephensi mosquitoes (6,7), with transmission between mosquitoes by vertical, horizontal, and transstadial
Both scrub typhus mites and house-mouse mites are, like ticks, capable of inheriting bacterial infections by transovarial transmission and maintaining infections in several mite generations, as bacteria are passed from adults to juveniles (nymphs and larvae) by transstadial
spread of RMSF occurs through the transfer of bodily fluids or spermatozoa during mating from one tick to another.
transmission of Borrelia turcica in Hyalomma aegyptium ticks.