effects of Bti on traits of Aedes aegypti and infection with dengue virus.
Rickettsia amblyommii infecting Amblyomma auricularium ticks in Pernambuco, northeastern Brazil: isolation, transovarial transmission, and transstadial
These ticks remain infected throughout their lives through transovarial and/or transstadial
and horizontal transmission of Rift Valley fever virus in Hyalomma truncatum," The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol.
and transovarial transmission of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Leptotrombidium imphalum and Leptotrombidium chiangraiensis (Acari: Trombiculidae).
Similarly, the infection passes from the egg to the larva or adult in a process called transstadial
transmission of infectious agents is also possible, such as with hard ticks.
The virus replicates in the host tick as it passes from larval through adult stages (transstadial
transmission), and it can also be transmitted from one generation to the next (transovarial transmission).
felis infections in their progeny through transovarian and transstadial
and intrastadial experimental transmission of Ehrlichia canis by male Rhipicephalus sanguineus.
transmission: transfer of the agent from one tick life stage (instar) through molting to the next instar.