transsphenoidal surgery


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transsphenoidal surgery

Surgery on the pituitary gland, performed with an incision made through the base of the sphenoid sinus. It is typically performed through the nasal passages or the oral cavity to remove an adenoma of the pituitary gland in patients with acromegaly, prolactinomas, or other pituitary tumors.
See also: surgery

transsphenoidal surgery

(trăn-sfē-noy′dl)
Operations on the pituitary gland performed with an incision made through the base of the sphenoid sinus. These procedures are typically performed through the nasal passages or the oral cavity and are used to remove a macroadenoma of the pituitary, such as may be found in patients with acromegaly, prolactinomas, or other pituitary tumors.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Patients admitted for endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery with sellar or supra sellar tumors were included in this study.
Endoscopic vs microsurgical transsphenoidal surgery for acromegaly: outcomes in a concurrent series of patients using modern criteria for remission.
Carrau, "Endoscopy Assisted Transsphenoidal Surgery for Pituitary Adenoma: Technical Note," Acta Neurochirurgica, vol.
Transsphenoidal surgery in the acute care settings: An alternative to critical care.
Endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery for cholesterol granulomas involving the petrous apex.
A variety of complications have been reported after transsphenoidal surgery (TSS).
Of the patients, 116 had been treated by primary transsphenoidal surgery followed, if necessary, by radiotherapy or somatostatin analogs; 13 had received only medical therapy; 3 had received only radiotherapy; and 2 had been cured by pituitary apoplexy.
Transsphenoidal surgery was performed for diagnosis, resection of the mass, and decompression of the optic chiasm.
For patients in whom transsphenoidal surgery has failed or who are not suitable candidates for surgery, radiotherapy is another possible treatment.
The transsphenoidal surgery is the treatment of choice in these patients; nevertheless, some cases require adjuvant therapy with postoperative radiotherapy [1].