repair of oesophageal atresia with primary gastrostomy: 240 patients treated between 1951 and 1983.
(19-21) Delayed diagnosis of a transpleural
access and failure to institute proper treatment resulted in the death of two patients and a severe complication in a third (Table 3).
gradient of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in tuberculous pleuritis," Journal of Clinical Investigation, vol.
route has associated risks of pneumothorax and delayed empyaema, and, although it has been used relatively safely in a series of post-splenectomy collections, (3) should probably be reserved for when other options have been exhausted and after clear explanation of the possible risks to the patient and his/her doctor.
However, avoiding transhepatic access completely essentially eliminates capsular bleeding risk as well as potential transpleural
access related complications such as pleural effusion, pneumothorax, hemothorax, and bilothorax.
collateral circulation in the apices of the lung may mimic tuberculosis by producing an appearance known as pulmonary pseudofibrosis.