Therefore, infection is independent of the ingestion of propagules, although horizontal and transovarial
infection also may occur (Ferron 1978; Feng et al.
However, experiments performed in the laboratory demonstrated transovarial
transmission of Zika virus among Ae.
transmission of dengue virus in Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in relation to dengue outbreak in an urban area in Malaysia.
stages, lufenuron has a transovarial
effect on adults of various insects (PRATISSOLI et al.
Scrub typhus is an acute febrile illness caused by Orientia tsutsugamushi, an obligate intracellular Gram-negative bacterium and spread by transovarial
transmission in trombiculid mites.
transmission of Francisella-like endosymbionts and Anaplasma phagocytophilum variants in Dermacentor albipictus (Acari: Ixodidae).
Transstadial and transovarial
transmission of Orientia tsutsugamushi in Leptotrombidium imphalum and Leptotrombidium chiangraiensis (Acari: Trombiculidae).
transmission of dengue viruses by mosquitoes: Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti.
Rickettsial infection in Dermacentor variabilis (Acari: Ixodidae) inhibits transovarial
transmission of a second Rickettsia.
inheritance of endosymbiotic bacteria in clams inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps.
tabaci can transmit TLCV horizontally as well as vertically by sexual and transovarial
passage respectively (Ghanim et al.
aegypti serves as primary dengue vector and plays significant role in vertical and transovarial
dengue transmission of urban cycle [14-16].