, livelihood and sustainable development and conflict between formal institution and communal governance: An evaluative note on East Himalayan state of Sikkim, India.
For decades, transhumance
had been part of my dreams -- richly textured reveries filled with mountain huts, rustic peasant clothes, robust animals, and joyous, wine-laced festivities when the animals came back to the villages.
The Gujars who practice transhumance
also practice Islamic way of life although the Islamic approach is quite syncretic with a huge influence of inclusion of Hindu elements of their part.
project (5) tried to address a certain number of issues that were pointed out by the players and testers of Treenor, more specifically on how to provide rich contents on the premises.
Il neglige presque completement le developpement de l'industrie textile et tout le phenomene de la transhumance
, ainsi que l'ouverture sur les marches d'Europe du Nord (Flandres et Angleterre) et l'influx de capitaux italiens -principalement genois- qui en ont decoule.
Their wives and children remained in their mountain village homes during that transhumance
Self-sufficient inland clachan settlements on the island with their associated summer transhumance
(booleying) were gradually abandoned in favor of coastal settlements.
In addition to entries on leading cultural figures and other obvious topic areas, such as cities and historical events, Medieval Italy contains a vast selection of articles on institutions and issue-centered topics, large and small: allegory, banks and banking, confraternities, guilds, law, navigation, slavery, transhumance
, and the wool industry, to name but a few.
isolated ritual performances, shamanism, transhumance
, dimensions of livelihood, demographic attributes.
The economy is predominantly pastoral; the inhabitants are not given to tillage but instead practise transhumance
, moving about with their cattle, all attributes of the Irish as they were depicted in contemporary socio-political descriptions.
One of today's most eminent climatologists, professor Kash-Ney of the University of Tirana, has promised, starting next month, to join the commission of specialists who will meet the designated architects, the engineers, the mountain climbers, the syndicate of owners-of-hotels-in-mountainous-surroundings, an ex-shepherd versed in questions of transhumance
, people capable of draining water, underground specialists (soil mechanics, geodynamics .
More specifically, in the early days the informal, or "household," economy was a feature of the household, community, and extended kin group (sometimes one or more sets of these), but it was found in combination with an ecological pluralism based on (often marine) transhumance
which occurred because of the seasonality of the formal economy which was based on the cod fishery, and which left settlers with the need to provide for themselves for the remainder of the year.