of 1.05 km was surveyed for five times, and total 10 birds,ranging in number from 2 to 3 individuals,were seen between the altitudinal range of 1675 m and 2500 m asl.
In areas where the pipeline is aboveground, only 14.9% of the transects
transitioned from "no shrub" to "shrub" (Fig.
surveyed by MORA staff were of 3 types: (A) the 6 original transects
surveyed by the USGS, 1996-2001; (B) 16 transects
that were approximate matches to the original USGS transects
; and (C) 26 new transects
created by MORA staff (Fig.
4) they show that in 2008 weta were present in most locations (94%) along the three north erntra nsects and present only at the northernmost positions on the three southern transects
. By 2013, their distribution had changed so they were detected along the three so uthern transects
and the Central transect
, and were no longer found at some locations (39%) along the North and Northeast transects
These benchmarks served as fixed elevation reference points for comparing changes in soil surface elevations along our 10 permanent line transects
at different survey periods.
Note that for some analyses we divided the transect
depths into four strata based on species groupings determined by MDS analyses of fish and invertebrate communities.
A given survey should last less than three hours, depending on the transect
length, within the 2-3 h after sunrise and the 2-3 h before sunset to match the period of maximal activity of roe deer (Bubenik 1960, Maublanc et al.
These and other large mammal studies employ a variety of detection methods, often coupling transects
with camera traps.
Given the topographic range of the Transect
2013 data, the entire life cycle of deep propagating convection can be evaluated in terms of the PWV temporal and spatial evolution captured by the Transect
, including the initiation phase at the highest elevations of the SMO.
We determined the amount and type of primary and secondary seafloor habitat from the video footage taken along each transect
. Primary habitat covered >50% of the seafloor, and secondary habitat covered >20% of the remaining seafloor.
At all sites, the mean (SEM) population of Himalayan Griffon was estimated as 51.607.60 and 467.61 individuals on the basis of nesting site population count and transect
survey counts, respectively.