transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation


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stimulation

 [stim″u-la´shun]
the act or process of stimulating; the condition of being stimulated; see also promotion and enhancement.
cognitive stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as promotion of awareness and comprehension of surroundings by utilization of planned stimuli.
cutaneous stimulation in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues for the purpose of decreasing undesirable signs and symptoms such as pain, muscle spasm, or inflammation.
deep brain stimulation (DBS) patient-controlled, continuous, high-frequency electrical stimulation of a specific area of the brain by means of an implanted electrode, which is controlled by a battery implanted just below the clavicle. The electrical signals block those signals from the brain causing tremors and some other related problems such as occur in Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.
stimulation/nurturance in the omaha system, activities that promote healthy physical and emotional development.
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (transcutaneous neural stimulation) see transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation.

transcutaneous

 [trans″ku-ta´ne-us]
transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)
1. use of a battery-powered device to relieve acute and chronic pain. Electrodes attached to the skin transmit electrical impulses, which produce a mild tingling, tapping, or massaging sensation. Reasons postulated for the effectiveness of this method include interruption of pain impulses from the periphery to the central nervous system, increased production of endorphins, and improved blood supply to the affected part. Increased circulation encourages healing and helps reduce muscle spasm. A second generation TENS unit called The Pain Suppressor is also available; it produces an electrical current but water is used as a conducting substance, it is not attached to the skin, and the patient does not perceive the electrode current. Treatments are administered several times per day. TENS is an alternative to drugs for the management of pain and can be used in a variety of conditions. A patient can use it with minimal instruction and may wear it at home as well as in the hospital.
2. in the nursing interventions classification, a nursing intervention defined as stimulation of skin and underlying tissues with controlled, low-voltage electrical vibration via electrodes.
transcutaneous neural stimulation (TNS) transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (def. 1).

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS),

a method of reducing pain by passage of an electric current. Compare: electroanalgesia.

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Acupuncture
See Electrical acupuncture.
 
Alternative medicine
The passing of low-voltage electric currents through gel-coated rubber pads to various sites on the skin surface; anecdotal reports suggest that TENS may be effective for recuperation from childbirth or surgery, defects in circulation, lower back pain, sciatica, sports injuries, postpartum stress, urinary incontinence and weight loss
 
Rehabilitation medicine
A modality for controlling pain that utilises low-level electric shocks to the skin; TENS effect is explained by the “gate” theory of pain, and is used to relieve pain of the lower back and neck, “phantom” limb syndrome and amputation stump pain.

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Electrotherapy A modality in which low electrical current is sent through a pad at an injury site, stimulating the brain to release endorphins Rehabilitation medicine A modality for controlling pain by delivering low-level electric shocks to the skin; TENS effect is explained by the 'gate' theory of pain and is used to relieve pain of the lower back and neck, 'phantom' limb syndrome, amputation stump pain. See Electrical acupuncture; Cf Biofeedback training.

trans·cu·ta·ne·ous e·lec·tric·al nerve stim·u·la·tion

(TENS) (trans'kyū-tā'nē-ŭs ĕ-lek'trik-ăl nĕrv stim'yŭ-lā'shŭn)
Noninvasive device that inhibits pain signals, thus reducing pain perception, as well as stimulating the body's own pain control mechanisms. Used for chronic pain and labor; can be controlled by the patient.
Enlarge picture
TRANSCUTANEOUS ELECTRICAL NERVE STIMULATION

transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Abbreviation: TENS
The application of mild electrical stimulation through electrodes placed on the skin over a painful area. It alleviates pain by interfering with transmission of painful stimuli.
See: illustration
See also: stimulation

Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS)

A method for relieving the muscle pain of TMJ by stimulating nerve endings that do not transmit pain. It is thought that this stimulation blocks impulses from nerve endings that do transmit pain.

Patient discussion about transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation

Q. How does a Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit help fibromyalgia. My aunt was suggested to go through TENS. Will that really help? How does a Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit help fibromyalgia?

A. ‘TENS’ units are prescribed for chronic pain sufferers and fibromyalgia patients. What is a tens unit? Tens stands for Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation. A tens unit is essentially a stimulation device consisting of electrodes that are attached to the skin, the unit itself, and a battery to provide current. A Tens unit uses electricity to block nerves from sending pain messages.

More discussions about transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
References in periodicals archive ?
Effects of visual illusion and transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on neuropathic pain in patients with spinal cord injury: A randomised controlled cross-over trial.
Gwam et al., "A meta-analysis of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for chronic low back pain," Surgical Technology International, vol.
Ferreira, "Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for pain relief after liposuction: a randomized controlled trial," Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, vol.
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation, or "TENS" devices, have been prescribed by doctors as an effective way to reduce or even eliminate pain for decades.
The effects of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation on experimental pain and sympathetic nervous system response.
8) Units transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (1 Unit)
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation for phantom pain and stump pain in adult amputees.
The trial aims to look at whether transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) - devices available from major pharmacies - could be used as an effective method of pain relief for the condition.
It is early days -- so far we have been testing this on healthy subjects -- but we think it does have potential to improve the health of the heart and might even become part of the treatment for heart failure." The researchers applied electrodes to the ears of 34 healthy people and switched on the TENS (Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation) machines for 15-minute sessions.
Management of pain is multidisciplinary and includes both pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods such as acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and surgery.

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