transcultural


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Related to transcultural: Transcultural nursing

transcultural

 [trans-kul´chur-al]
transcultural nursing a humanistic and scientific area of nursing study and practice that focuses on how patterns of behavior in health, illness, and caring are influenced by the values and beliefs of specific cultural groups. It applies this knowledge in the planning and provision of culturally appropriate care. The assumptions of transcultural nursing are that the practices and caring behaviors of cultural groups related to health and illness may be identified and analyzed. The goal of such analysis is the development of a body of knowledge to serve as the basis of culturally relevant care.



The focus of transcultural nursing is the differences between cultural groups that require care providers to identify culture specific health and illness practices and caring behaviors as well as to identify behaviors that transcend cultural groups and appear to be universal human care practices. The scope of transcultural nursing is the delivery of personalized care in health promotion and maintenance, as well as illness situations.
History. The field of transcultural nursing represented a shift from the biophysiological and psychological models that dominated nursing in the 1950s to a broader theoretical framework. One early and consistent proponent of the field has been Madeleine M. Leininger. Many other nurses and anthropologists have contributed significantly to the conceptualizations and research of transcultural nursing; some have used the terms cross-cultural and intercultural to describe their research and practice. These terms refer to the goal of gaining and using knowledge about cultural beliefs, values, and practices to plan culture-appropriate nursing interventions and/or to negotiate changes in health and health related behavior among different cultures.



Transcultural nursing is the blending of anthropological means of inquiry with nursing theories of intervention and practice, which have care as a critical component. Transcultural nursing incorporated a comparative method and holistic approach from anthropology as well as several anthropological concepts such as lifestyles, world view, life experiences, environmental contexts, and folk beliefs of cultural groups as a basis for understanding variations in human behavior. The comparative approach directs nurses not to treat all persons alike, but to adjust care to the culturally influenced expectations of the person and family. A nurse from mainstream American culture might be assertive when caring for other mainstream American clients, but might be less assertive when caring for Korean, Chinese, and Japanese clients who value less assertive behaviors.

The delivery of care that is culturally appropriate prevents unnecessary conflicts between clients and providers from varied cultural backgrounds. It also increases client satisfaction with care and may improve client adherence to a regimen that has been agreed upon with the nurse.

transcultural

(trăns-kŭl′tū-răl)
Affecting or pertaining to individuals of different ethnic, racial, or socioeconomic backgrounds.
See: table
SyndromeCultureMeaning
Caida de molleraLatin America“Sunken fontanel, ” i.e., dehydration. Thought to be caused by spells or hexes
LatahS.E. AsiaObsessive and repetitive use of vulgar language followed by obedient gesturing
Mal de ojoLatin America“Evil eye, ” i.e., a spell put on a child. Causes vomiting, belly pain, dehydration
PibloktoEskimo/InuitSudden manic madness, with subsequent amnesia of the event
Root; rootworkS.E. U.S.Hexing or healing through sorcery
TabankaTrinidadDepression and/or suicide after abandonment by a wife
TarantismMediterraneanUncontrollable stupor, melancholy, and manic dancing attributed to the bite of the tarantula
Windigo (witiko)Native AmericanCannabalism as a result of spirit possession
YonakiJapaneseA sleep-disorder of childhood, marked by separation anxiety and nocturnal crying
ZarNorthern African/Middle EasternSpirit possession
References in periodicals archive ?
To highlight the challenges when conducting crossnational studies, we used transcultural theory (Jaidka, 2010; Scholte, 2014) because it takes into account the interactions between cultures to incorporate more universality across cultures (McFadden, 1996).
We analysed the clinical case of a bulimic Chinese patient, observed during an internship of a French assistant at Shanghai Mental Health Center (SMHC) with the transcultural method detailed in our transcultural psychiatry section.
Numerous reasons have been explicated for the international appeal and success of K-pop, but it also is important to understand that the transnational and transcultural fandom of K-pop cannot be confined solely to its metavisual aesthetics that creatively syncretize various genres of global popular music such as Black soul and J-pop.
approaches of cultural safety, epidemiology and transcultural nursing will help us gain increased understandings of the populations we work with and will be useful in the development of policies and services that are culturally responsive and that recognise others cultural ways.
Estudo metodologico referente a adaptacao transcultural e validacao de conteudo, para o idioma portugues do Brasil, do metodo de triagem nutricional, Determine Your Nutritional Health [R] (DNH), para idosos domiciliados, realizado em setembro de 2013 a marco de 2014.
Chapter 3 traces the transcultural flow of ideas from Japan to China, and examines in particular novels with a futuristic theme.
In the second edition, the authors also expand significantly on the theoretical underpinnings of transcultural social work by linking this model to the paradigm of strength-based practice.
The volume gives readers a clear sense of the wide range of postcolonial concerns, each section about an already existing area of interest within the field and approaching "emerging" subjects such as affect studies, autobiography, Dalit studies, diaspora studies, gender studies, Indigenous studies, linguistics, migration, Orientalism, transcultural theory, transnationalism, trauma studies, and translation studies.
She comes to transcultural doctoral supervision fresh from the experience of her own doctoral studies work, with a desire to transform this space through critical theoretical and Indigenous understandings.
The Mezzogiorno--where Norman mercenaries rose to power surrounded by Lombards, Greeks, and Muslims--lends itself to the models of transcultural hybridity that Foerster and Burkhardt want to investigate, and nine of the thirteen essays within the volume focus on the Italian South and Kingdom of Sicily.
Teste de triagem do desenvolvimento Denver II: adaptacao transcultural para a crianca brasileira.