transcultural


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Related to transcultural: Transcultural nursing

transcultural

 [trans-kul´chur-al]
transcultural nursing a humanistic and scientific area of nursing study and practice that focuses on how patterns of behavior in health, illness, and caring are influenced by the values and beliefs of specific cultural groups. It applies this knowledge in the planning and provision of culturally appropriate care. The assumptions of transcultural nursing are that the practices and caring behaviors of cultural groups related to health and illness may be identified and analyzed. The goal of such analysis is the development of a body of knowledge to serve as the basis of culturally relevant care.



The focus of transcultural nursing is the differences between cultural groups that require care providers to identify culture specific health and illness practices and caring behaviors as well as to identify behaviors that transcend cultural groups and appear to be universal human care practices. The scope of transcultural nursing is the delivery of personalized care in health promotion and maintenance, as well as illness situations.
History. The field of transcultural nursing represented a shift from the biophysiological and psychological models that dominated nursing in the 1950s to a broader theoretical framework. One early and consistent proponent of the field has been Madeleine M. Leininger. Many other nurses and anthropologists have contributed significantly to the conceptualizations and research of transcultural nursing; some have used the terms cross-cultural and intercultural to describe their research and practice. These terms refer to the goal of gaining and using knowledge about cultural beliefs, values, and practices to plan culture-appropriate nursing interventions and/or to negotiate changes in health and health related behavior among different cultures.



Transcultural nursing is the blending of anthropological means of inquiry with nursing theories of intervention and practice, which have care as a critical component. Transcultural nursing incorporated a comparative method and holistic approach from anthropology as well as several anthropological concepts such as lifestyles, world view, life experiences, environmental contexts, and folk beliefs of cultural groups as a basis for understanding variations in human behavior. The comparative approach directs nurses not to treat all persons alike, but to adjust care to the culturally influenced expectations of the person and family. A nurse from mainstream American culture might be assertive when caring for other mainstream American clients, but might be less assertive when caring for Korean, Chinese, and Japanese clients who value less assertive behaviors.

The delivery of care that is culturally appropriate prevents unnecessary conflicts between clients and providers from varied cultural backgrounds. It also increases client satisfaction with care and may improve client adherence to a regimen that has been agreed upon with the nurse.

transcultural

(trăns-kŭl′tū-răl)
Affecting or pertaining to individuals of different ethnic, racial, or socioeconomic backgrounds.
See: table
SyndromeCultureMeaning
Caida de molleraLatin America“Sunken fontanel, ” i.e., dehydration. Thought to be caused by spells or hexes
LatahS.E. AsiaObsessive and repetitive use of vulgar language followed by obedient gesturing
Mal de ojoLatin America“Evil eye, ” i.e., a spell put on a child. Causes vomiting, belly pain, dehydration
PibloktoEskimo/InuitSudden manic madness, with subsequent amnesia of the event
Root; rootworkS.E. U.S.Hexing or healing through sorcery
TabankaTrinidadDepression and/or suicide after abandonment by a wife
TarantismMediterraneanUncontrollable stupor, melancholy, and manic dancing attributed to the bite of the tarantula
Windigo (witiko)Native AmericanCannabalism as a result of spirit possession
YonakiJapaneseA sleep-disorder of childhood, marked by separation anxiety and nocturnal crying
ZarNorthern African/Middle EasternSpirit possession
References in periodicals archive ?
Arianna Dagnino, "Transcultural Writers and Transcultural Literature in the Age of Global Modernity" Transnational Literature Journal A, no.
Nevertheless, she sees change coming and suggests that the future of transcultural women (women who work in cultures different from the one they were bom and raised in) is positive and bright globally.
Transcultural Psychiatry, << Indigenous Mental Health >>, vol.
Purnell and Campinha-Bacote are both transcultural nurses.
This assignment required students to use Giger and Davidhizar's Transcultural Assessment Model to describe communication, space, social organization, time, environment, and biologic variations of the assigned group.
Southern Crossings: Poetry, Memory, and the Transcultural South by Daniel Cross Turner, celebrates the rich potential of contemporary southern poetry.
Indeed, transcultural poetics is committed to what I consider to be "worlding" performative interventions, where historicality, contextualism, and a vibrantly alive existence in the "now" result in the past emerging in many "presents" Worlding the text is enactment and ingemination in voices, reanimation in time, in fluidity of concepts, and reading of the writing furthered through intertextuality, translation, and interference.
the transition from centralized states to more decentralized, free-market systems), the impact of those changes on social interaction, and how these topics may be applied with transcultural resonance to the development of university courses with a particular sensitivity to diverse socioeconomic beliefs and systems worldwide.
To understand how to develop a critical thinking approach towards the education of a transcultural manager in a poststructuralist environment, one can start by deconstructing some basic concepts (Derrida, 1976; De Man, 1996) (1) related to the teaching on how governance of corporations is basically understood.
This study explored differences in wellness scores between a transcultural sample and the normative sample of the Five Factor Wellness Inventory (5F-Wel; Myers & Sweeney, 2005c).
Her scholarly research is in the areas of medical anthropology, transcultural psychology, Asia-Pacific Rim relations, and gender studies.
Transcultural caring dynamics in nursing and health care.