For the first time, UNC School of Medicine scientists report using transcranial
alternating current stimulation, or tACS, to target a specific kind of brain activity during sleep and strengthen memory in healthy people.
It is both old and new again: electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used for decades, while emerging technologies, such as transcranial
magnetic stimulation (TMS), are gaining acceptance.
It covers history, principles, and preoperative assessment, including anatomy, imaging, pathology, anesthesia, and principles of neurology, otorhinolaryngology, endocrinology, and neuro-ophthalmology; various surgeries and variations, including approaches for lesions, transcranial
approaches, transfacial approaches, endoscopic trans-sphenoidal approaches, and endoscopic transcranial
keyhole approaches, and information on signs and symptoms, diagnostic workup, epidemiology and pathology, classification, surgical indications, outcomes, and complications; and postoperative and surgery-related aspects like radiation therapy, chemotherapy, cerebrospinal fistula, infections, traumatology, emergencies and acute situations, pediatric skull base, tumors, quality of life, training, and nursing.