Long-latency reflex (LLR), also called transcortical
reflex loop, is one of the late responses obtained by submaximal stimulation of a mixed nerve.
Guide wire perforation leading to fatal perirenal haemorrhage from transcortical
collaterals after renal artery stent placement.
The fractures were stabilized using single end threaded intramedullary pin or cross transcortical
pinning using K wires.
Walter Dandy in 1921 accomplished the first successful resection of a colloid cyst through a transcortical
The final drill hole gave a slight press-fit of the transcortical
implants which were inserted into the holes with 2 to 3 mm left proud of the periosteal surface.
Vinters, "Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease with mixed transcortical
aphasia: Insights into echolalia," Behavioural Neurology, vol.
Aphasia testing conducted at that point showed moderate transcortical
motor aphasia with moderate apraxia of speech.
At the time, osteosynthesis was performed with transcortical
pins and external fixation.
All aphasic patients were right-handed, and according to the ABC test, they were classified as mixed transcortical
aphasia ( n = 7), Wernicke aphasia ( n = 9), Broca aphasia ( n = 37), global aphasia ( n = 2), and crossed aphasia ( n = 2).