Our results confirm that available budget is positively correlated with tranquillizer demand.
In relation to policy implications, we suggest the need for controlling teenagers' tranquillizer demand, such as promoting healthier life styles, rather than discontinuing the provision of tranquillizers.
Women and tranquillizer use: A case study in the social politics of health and health care.
TABLE 1 TRANQUILLIZER USE AMONG YOUNG STUDENTS No use of Tranquillizer tranquillizers use with prescription N % N % Total (N = 73.369) 63.844 87.0 4.617 6.3 Male (n = 35.850) 32.079 89.5 1.904 5.3 Female (n = 37.519) 31.765 84.7 2.713 7.2 Tranquillizer Tranquillizer use use without both with and prescription without prescription N % N % Total (N = 73.369) 2.776 3.8 2.132 2.9 Male (n = 35.850) 1.028 2.9 839 2.3 Female (n = 37.519) 1.748 4.7 1.293 3.4 Resource: Spanish National Survey of Drug Use in School Population (Spanish Drug Observatory, 2000, 2002, and 2004).
According to the Spanish Survey on Drug Use in School Populations (Spanish Drug Observatory, 2004) tranquillizers are the fourth most consumed addictive substance among teenagers, just behind alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, and cannabis.
Higher use of tranquillizers by females has been attributed to more frequent use of medical services and higher symptoms.
Descriptive statistics reveal that 13% of the sampled students had consumed tranquillizers at least once: 6% only with medical prescription, 4% only without medical prescription, and 3% both with and without medical prescription.
In our specific model we adopt the following form, with [TC.sub.j] being the dependent variable that takes the value 0 if the individual has not consumed tranquillizers (1), 1 if the individual has consumed tranquillizers only with medical prescription, 2 if the individual has consumed tranquillizers only without medical prescription, and 3 if the individual has consumed tranquillizers both with and without medical prescription:
Regarding parents' drug consumption, 3% of the students' parents consumed tranquillizers, 35% smoked, and less than 1% drank alcoholic beverages.