trail-making test

trail-making test

Reitan's test A two-part test for assessing motor speed and integration, in which multiple dots are connected to form various objects; like the Bender-Gestalt test, the 'Trail-maker' screens for gross organic defects. See Psychological testing.
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We used the Trail-Making Test, Part B (TMT-B) as a more sensitive measure of cognitive functioning for all participants [40-42].
These included the Trail-Making Test, which measures motor speed, visual attention, and cognitive flexibility; the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, which measures the ability to problem solve; a delayed recall test; the American National Adult Reading Test; and the Geriatric Depression Scale.
Three tests were used to evaluate cognitive function: the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), which assessed orientation, attention, calcula-tion, and recall (a score of 24 or less indicated poor cognitive function); the Trail-Making Test B, which gauged executive function (a score of 132 seconds or more indicated poor function); and a category fluency test that asked participants to name as many animals as they could in 1 minute (a score of 12 or less indicated poor function).
This test battery, which was again administered at 1, 2, and 4 years after baseline, included the WRAML (Sheslow and Adams 1990), the WRAVMA (Adams and Sheslow 1995), the Trail-Making Test (Spreen and Strauss 1991), finger tapping (the WPS Electronic Tapping Test; Western Psychological Services, Los Angeles, CA), ordered and unordered verbal cancellation (Mesulam 1985), category fluency (McCarthy 1972), the Controlled Oral Word Association Test (letter fluency) (Spreen and Strauss 1991), simple visual reaction time (the Standard Reaction Timer; Software Science, Cincinnati, OH), the Stroop Color-Word Interference Test (Trenerry et al.
The Trail-Making Test was used to measure a subject's Central Processing Speed.
After the investigators controlled for education levels, higher MELD scores were significantly associated with lower scores on the immediate memory and delayed memory subtests of RBANS, as well as with lower scores on the Mini-Mental State Exam, the Shipley Institute of Living Scale, and the Trail-Making Test, parts A and B.
The researchers used three tests to evaluate cognitive function: The Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), which assessed cognitive features, including orientation, attention, calculation, and recall (a score of 24 or less indicated poor cognitive function); the Trail-Making Test B, which gauged executive function (a score of 132 seconds or more indicated poor function); and a category fluency test that asked participants to name as many animals as they could in 1 minute (a score of 12 or less indicated poor function).
The Trail-Making Test (Reitan 1958) and the digit symbol subtest of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised (WAIS-R) (Wechsler 1981) assessed attention and psychomotor speed.
The Trail-Making Test (22) assesses complex visual scanning and attention under time pressure.
As men age they show a steeper decline, compared with women, in their ability to name words from a list, to name words that start with a specific letter, and in trail-making tests, according to initial, baseline results from 587 people enrolled in an online program designed to assess and intervene against age-related declines in cognitive function.
The CERAD-K neuropsychological evaluation consists of nine neuropsychological subtests (Verbal Fluency Test, Modified Boston Naming Test, Korean version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Word List Memory, Construction Praxis, Word List Delayed Recall, Word List Recognition, Construction Recall, and Trail-Making Tests A and B) and was administered to all subjects by experienced clinical neuropsychologists or nurses prior to and after the exercise program.
They tested cognition with Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale--Cognitive mazes, Clinical Dementia Rating scale, Trail-Making Tests A and B, the Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test, and others.