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1. Posttranslational modification of proteins, particularly secretory proteins and proteins targeted for membranes or specific cellular locations. Synonym(s): trafficking
2. Posttranscriptional modification of polynucleic acids.


The process of having proteins contain certain signals such that the proteins are directed specifically towards certain cellular locations, for example, the lysosome. Compare: processing.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
laws were widely believed to be inadequate to deal with trafficking in women and children or to protect and assist victims.
The Government of Bulgaria demonstrated increased law enforcement efforts during the reporting period; however, they did not take sufficient steps to address public officials' complicity in human trafficking. Bulgaria prohibits trafficking for both sexual exploitation and forced labor through Article 159 (a, b, and d)of its Criminal Code, which prescribes penalties of between two and 15 years' imprisonment.
* internal trafficking of Canadians for the sex trade,
Thus, in interstate firearms trafficking cases, traffickers usually cannot purchase the firearm legally because they live in another state and cannot provide identification needed to establish residency and to complete the necessary ATF forms that document handgun purchases and information regarding the purchaser.
The government modestly improved its law enforcement efforts during the reporting period, investigating more cases using Finland's trafficking statute, although the majority of trafficking cases were still prosecuted under other laws and conviction rates remained low.
peacekeepers have been accused of fueling trafficking in the Balkans before.
Recommendations for Kiribati: Publicly recognize and condemn incidents of trafficking of children for commercial sexual exploitation; develop and implement a definition for labor and sex trafficking offenses, and make efforts to train officials and front-line officers on trafficking; investigate, prosecute, and punish trafficking offenders; investigate and prosecute foreign crewmen for the commercial sexual exploitation of children; proactively identify and assist victims of trafficking; work with NGOs or international organizations to provide protective services to victims; establish formal procedures to identify and refer trafficking victims to protective services; and expand anti-trafficking information and education campaigns.
UNICEF in its report made special note of Britain where there is currently no law against child trafficking making the country particularly attractive to child smugglers.
The Government of Montenegro continued to improve its law enforcement response to human trafficking in 2010, including by prosecuting three officers for complicity in human trafficking and engaging in robust trainings of officials.
The Norwegian government improved its law enforcement efforts during the reporting period, though many of its labor trafficking investigations failed to result in prosecutions.
The Government of Poland made significant improvements in its anti-trafficking law enforcement efforts, primarily by revising, in May 2010, its human trafficking laws to improve their clarity and to define specifically human trafficking offenses in the criminal code.
The Government of Sweden fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking. It produced new guidelines for combating trafficking, produced awareness raising campaigns, made new efforts to stem labor trafficking, and developed specialized trainings responsive to trafficking trends in the country.