traction alopecia

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trac·tion al·o·pe·ci·a

circumscribed or diffuse loss of hair resulting from repetitive traction on the hair by pulling or twisting; also occurs after excessive application of hair "softeners" such as permanent wave solutions or hot combs. Alopecia marginalis is a form of traction alopecia.
Synonym(s): traumatic alopecia

trac·tion al·o·pe·ci·a

(trakshŭn alō-pēshē-ă)
Circumscribed or diffuse loss of hair due to repetitive traction on the hair by pulling or twisting; also occurs after excessive application of hair "softeners" such as permanent wave solutions or hot combs.


deficiency of the hair or wool coat; may be caused by failure to grow or by loss after growth. There is a significant difference amongst those in which grown fibers are lost, between those in which stumps of fibers remain, and those in which the hair root has been shed from the follicle. See also hypotrichosis, alopecic.

alopecia areata
noninflammatory hair loss in sharply defined areas. A rare condition seen in dogs, cats, horses and primates; the cause is unknown, but immune-mediated mechanisms are suspected.
bilaterally symmetric alopecia
a clinical feature associated with endocrine and metabolic causes of hair loss in dogs and cats, although other causes including self-trauma are sometimes responsible.
cicatricial alopecia, alopecia cicatrisata
irreversible loss of hair associated with scarring.
collar frictional alopecia
loss of hair around the neck occurs in some cats wearing collars. It is reversible when the collar is removed.
color dilution alopecia
color mutant alopecia (below).
color mutant alopecia
a clinical syndrome seen in dogs with blue or fawn coat color caused by the dilution gene at the D locus. Clinical signs include bacterial folliculitis, scaling and hair loss, mainly over the back and commencing within the first year or two of life. Hairs contain clumped melanin (macromelanosomes) with distortion and fracture of the shaft. Seen most often in Doberman pinschers but reported in a number of other breeds. Called also blue Doberman syndrome, fawn Irish setter syndrome. Seen also in many breeds of cattle, especially Simmental, Angus. Characterized by short, sparse, curly haircoats and wispy tail switch. Called also color dilution alopecia.
alopecia congenitalis
complete or partial absence of the hair at birth.
endocrine alopecia
hair loss caused by an endocrine abnormality that adversely affects hair growth. Usually characterized by symmetrical distribution and noninflammatory changes in the skin.
feline acquired symmetric alopecia
a bilaterally symmetric hair loss on the posterior abdomen, inner thighs, perineum and, less consistently, ventral thorax, flanks and forelegs of cats, most commonly neutered males. The skin is usually normal and nonpruritic. The cause is unknown; sex hormone deficiency was previously believed to be responsible, but abnormal thyroid function is also suspected. Some cases are in reality self-inflicted by excessive grooming or the cat's response to unrecognized pruritus. Called also feline endocrine alopecia.
inherited symmetrical alopecia
calves born with a normal haircoat lose their hair over bilaterally distributed specific areas of the skin. See also inherited congenital hypotrichosis.
alopecia medicamentosa
hair loss due to ingestion of a drug.
alopecia mucinosa
hair loss associated with mucinosis of the epidermis and hair follicles.
pattern alopecia
see pattern baldness.
periodic alopecia
a pinnal alopecia observed in miniature poodles. Regrowth usually occurs in 3 to 4 months.
pinnal alopecia
gradual loss of hair on the pinnae until there is total alopecia. Occurs mainly in Dachshunds and may have a hereditary basis.
pituitary alopecia
see growth hormone-responsive dermatitis.
post-clipping alopecia
a failure of hair to regrow, usually for a long period, after clipping. Seen particularly in Chow Chows, Samoyeds and Siberian huskies. The cause is unknown.
postvaccination alopecia and panniculitis
a focal area of hair loss occurring at the site of rabies vaccination; miniature poodles are predisposed.
progressive alopecia, congenital anemia and dyskeratosis
a condition seen in Hereford cattle; affected calves are born with sparse, short kinky or curly hair which is gradually lost. They are also anemic.
psychogenic alopecia
hair loss resulting from intensive self-trauma such as licking or biting and for which no cause can be found. Boredom is often considered a factor. See also acral lick dermatitis, idiopathic hyperesthesia syndrome.
seasonal flank alopecia
a cyclic follicular dysplasia which tends to occur seasonally, mainly in spring or fall. There is a nonpruritic hair loss and often hyperpigmentation of the skin in irregular, defined areas on the flanks and lateral thorax. Many cases regrow hair after 3 to 6 months, but recurrences at the corresponding time in following years is common. Boxers, Airedale terriers, English bulldogs, and Miniature schnauzers are predisposed breeds, but it has been reported in others. Called also cyclic follicular dysplasia.
symptomatic alopecia, alopecia symptomatica
loss of hair due to systemic or psychogenic causes, such as general ill health, infections of the skin, nervousness, a specific disease, or to stress. The hair may fall out in patches, or there may be diffuse loss of hair instead of complete baldness in one area.
traction alopecia
loss of hair due to traction, as occurs in dogs of breeds in which hair on the head is held by rubber bands or barrettes.
traumatic alopecia
that caused by self-trauma (licking, scratching, chewing or pulling); possible in any pruritic skin disease in any species, but particularly severe in cats. The area of hair loss corresponds to those areas most accessible to the form of self-trauma.
alopecia universalis
congenital absence of hair from the entire body. A characteristic of the Canadian hairless cat and Sphinx cat.
References in periodicals archive ?
Any action holding the hair with a strong tension on the root will inevitably cause traction alopecia over time.
Although there are no differences in the keratin or amino acid composition among the hair of Asian, white, or black patients, the physical properties of a black patient's hair might explain why traction alopecia is one of the conditions of more concern to children with skin of color.
That traction is far too much, and that will lead to traction alopecia.
Traction alopecia occurs when the extensions pull on the natural hair causing it to break, and usually affects the hairline just above the forehead or the sides, where the hair is weaker.
TABLE Causes of nonscarring alopecia COMMON LESS COMMON Alopecia areata Human immunodeficiency virus Androgenetic alopecia Hyperthyroidism Drugs and other chemicals Hypothyroidism Telogen effluvium Iron deficiency (both acute and chronic) Tinea capitis Nutritional deficiencies Traction alopecia Other systemic diseases Secondary syphilis Systemic lupus erythematosus Trichotillomania Adapted from: Habit TP.
Repeated use of extensions may cause traction alopecia, where hair falls out due to excessive tension on the hair shaft.
Diseases and conditions that can be mistaken for tinea capitis include seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, alopecia areata, cradle cap, traction folliculitis leading to traction alopecia, and the effects of head lice.
Angela Bassett, who in the movie ``Strange Days'' displayed traction alopecia, frontal hair loss probably caused by the tight braiding of corn rows.
1) Hair breakage and even traction alopecia may occur, especially in patients who accidentally or intentionally pull the extensions off.
And experts reckon it's probably a condition called traction alopecia - caused by years of wearing straight hair extensions over her naturally curly locks.
Experts want hair extensions using glue to be banned because they say the bonding is causing traction alopecia, which rips hair out by the roots causing small bald patches, reports the BBC.