Chen, "SIS with tissue-cultured allogenic cartilages patch tracheoplasty
in a rabbit model for tracheal defect," Acta Oto-Laryngologica, vol.
When examining patients with tracheostenosis after tracheostomy, we select either surgery (such as tracheoplasty
) or conservative therapy (such as stent placement or laser treatment ) according to the shape, location, and extent of the stenosis.
MacGillivray, "Management of congenital tracheal stenosis by means of slide tracheoplasty
or resection and reconstruction, with long-term follow-up of growth after slide tracheoplasty
," The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, vol.
For a patient with the stenosis after extubation, surgical approaches such as primary resection and anastomosis or various methods of tracheoplasty
should be selected.
Depending on the symptom severity, patients can be managed conservatively or may undergo surgery, most commonly a tracheoplasty
In addition, tracheoplasty
was performed in two patients among all the 40 cases underwent surgical management.
In spite of the technical challenges related to the airway and anesthesia, surgical interventions including, staged tracheoplasty
, aortopexy, tracheopexy, tracheobronchoplasty, tracheal suspension, extrinsic tracheal neo-rings and intraluminal tracheal splints have been used successfully3.
Alkathine shell, an innovative way of neck flexion after tracheoplasty
. Indian J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg.
Technique, utility, and safety of awake tracheoplasty
using combined laser and balloon dilation.
(16) These techniques include tracheal resection, pericardial tracheoplasty
, cartilage tracheoplasty
, slide tracheoplasty
, tracheal homograft, and tracheal autograft.
The following were considered as endoscopic therapeutic procedures: transbronchial needle aspiration, diode laser photocoagulation of tracheal or bronchial lesions, bronchoplasty and pneumatic tracheoplasty
, bronchial and tracheal stenting.
These range from dilatation of the stenotic segment in combination with balloon tracheoplasty
and laser resection, to extensive procedures such as tracheoplasty
using cartilage grafts and primary resection and end-to-end anastomosis (6,7).