fistula in highly active antiretroviral therapy patient with AIDS," OA Case Reports, vol.
A high index of suspicion is needed to diagnose tracheo-oesophageal
fistula in a post intubated patient presenting with symptom of cough following deglutition.
For more information about Tracheo-Oesophageal
Fistula visit the charity website at www.tofs.org.uk
For example, "TOF" could be taken to mean "tetralogy of fallot" or "tracheo-oesophageal
fistula" - two completely different conditions.
Intravenous (IV) opioid analgesia following tracheo-oesophageal
fistula/oesophageal atresia (TOF-OA) repair may cause respiratory depression in neonates extubated immediately or shortly after surgery.
But Elie suffers from the rare condition - tracheo-oesophageal
fistula with long gap oesophageal atresia - which means she cannot eat or swallow.
Formation of a tracheo-oesophageal
fistual is relatively rare, occurring in less than 1% of cases (Epstein 2005).
Late onset tracheo-oesophageal
fistula following a swallowed dental plate.
When Smith was born, his parents were told that he was suffering from tracheo-oesophageal
When Suzanne, 37, read our recent report on Harrison Cooper-Jones, who was born with an tracheo-oesophageal
fistula (TOF) and at the age of three started to eat solid food for the first time after undergoing a pioneering treatment, she wanted to raise awareness of Toby's problems and others like him.
* Protection of the airway using an invasive airway device such as an endotracheal tube (ETT), laryngeal mask airway (LMA) or tracheo-oesophageal
combitube (TOC) can be done when rescuers with the necessary skills, expertise and equipment become available.