22, diagnosed with acute kidney injury secondary to interstitial nephritis (an inflammation of the tissue fluid between kidney tubules) and tracheo-esophageal
fistula (an abnormal connection between the trachea and the esophagus).
An audit of anesthetic management and complications of tracheo-esophageal
fistula and esophageal atresia repair.
fistula was resected and closed using interrupted Prolene 5/0 sutures.
Merei J, Hutson J: Embryogenesis of tracheo-esophageal
fistulas caused by button battery lodged in the esophagus.
fistula in children: a diagnosis to beep in mind.
The patient may have other associated anomalies9 which include cleft lip and/or palate, abnormal ears, hydrocephalus, cranial/spinal malformations, microphthalmus, congenital heart disease, tracheo-esophageal
fistula, omphalocele, anorectal malformation, renal malformation (agenesis, polycystic kidneys), duplication of cervix or uterus, vascular anomalies, nail aplasia or dysplasia, digital anomalies, simian creases, Goltz syndrome (focal dermal hypoplasia), trisomy 13, intestinal lymphangiectasia and pyloric atresia.
We would like to clarify that the term Vater sequence is currently not appropriate and it has been replaced by the term VACTERL association from the acronym vertebral defects, anal atresia, cardiac defects, tracheo-esophageal
fistula, renal malformations, and limb defects (4).
Irregularities negatively linked to clefts were congenital heart defects, spina bifida, and VATER complex (vertebral defects, imperforate anus, tracheo-esophageal
fistula, and radial and renal dysplasia).
Nina was born at 31 weeks gestation and was diagnosed with Trisomy 21; patent ductus arteriosis, repaired in the first month of life; tracheo-esophageal
fistula, which was repaired at 2 months of age; AV Canal; cleft palate, unrepaired; and gastroesophageal reflux with a Nissen fundoplication and gastric tube placed in the first month of life.
After 10 days of broad-spectrum antibiotics and with progressing infiltrates, a computed tomography scan of the chest revealed a right lung abscess, a tracheo-esophageal
fistula, and a right pleural effusion.