tracheal tube

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Related to tracheal tube: Tracheal intubation


a hollow cylindrical organ or instrument. adj., adj tu´bal.
auditory tube eustachian tube.
Blakemore-Sengstaken tube Sengstaken-Blakemore tube.
chest tube see chest tube.
Dobhoff tube a small-lumen feeding tube that can be advanced into the duodenum.
drainage tube a tube used in surgery to facilitate escape of fluids.
Drieling tube a double-lumen tube having a metal weight at one end to carry it past the stomach into the duodenum. At the other end are two tails, one used to collect gastric specimens and the other to collect specimens from the duodenum. The tube is used in the secretin test for pancreatic exocrine function.
Durham's tube a jointed tracheostomy tube.
endobronchial tube a single- or double-lumen tube inserted into the bronchus of one lung and sealed with an inflatable cuff, permitting ventilation of the intubated lung and complete deflation of the other lung; used in anesthesia and thoracic surgery.
endotracheal tube see endotracheal tube.
esophageal tube stomach tube.
eustachian tube see eustachian tube.
Ewald tube a large lumen tube used in gastric lavage.
fallopian tube see fallopian tube.
feeding tube one for introducing high-caloric fluids into the stomach; see also tube feeding.
tube feeding a means of providing nutrition via a feeding tube inserted into the gastrointestinal tract; it may be done to maintain nutritional status over a period of time or as a treatment for malnutrition. It can be used as the only source of nutrition or as a supplement to oral feeding or parenteral nutrition.

Patients who may require tube feeding include those unable to take in an adequate supply of nutrients by mouth because of the side effects of chemotherapy or radiation therapy, those with depression or some other psychiatric disorder, and those suffering from severe hypermetabolic states such as burns or sepsis, or malabsorption syndromes. Other conditions that may require tube feeding include surgery or trauma to the oropharynx, esophageal fistula, and impaired swallowing such as that which occurs following stroke or that related to neuromuscular paralysis.

There are commercially prepared formulas for tube feeding. Some contain all six necessary nutrients (carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and trace elements) and need no supplement as long as they are given in sufficient volume to meet nutritional and caloric needs. Other types of tube feeding formulas are incomplete and therefore will require some supplementation. Choice of formula is based on the patient's particular needs, presence of organ failure or metabolic aberration, lactose tolerance, gastrointestinal function, and how and where the feeding is to be given, that is, via nasogastric, gastrostomy, or enterostomy tube.
Patient Care. In addition to frequent and periodic checking for tube placement and monitoring of gastric residuals to prevent aspiration, other maintenance activities include monitoring effectiveness of the feeding and assessing the patient's tolerance to the tube and the feeding. Special mouth care is essential to maintain a healthy oral mucosa. A summary of the complications related to tube feeding, their causes and contributing factors, and interventions to treat or prevent each complication is presented in the accompanying table.
fermentation tube a U-shaped tube with one end closed, for determining gas production by bacteria.
Levin tube a gastroduodenal catheter of sufficiently small caliber to permit transnasal passage; see illustration.
Two types of nasogastric tubes. From Ignatavicius et al., 1995.
Linton tube a triple-lumen tube with a single balloon used to control hemorrhage from esophageal varices. Once it is positioned under fluoroscopic control and inflated, the balloon exerts pressure against the submucosal venous network at the cardioesophageal junction, thus restricting the flow of blood to the esophageal varices.
Miller-Abbott tube see miller-abbott tube.
Minnesota tube a tube with four lumens, used in treatment of esophageal varices; having a lumen for aspiration of esophageal secretions is its major difference from the sengstaken-blakemore tube.
nasogastric tube see nasogastric tube.
nasotracheal tube an endotracheal tube that passes through the nose.
neural tube the epithelial tube produced by folding of the neural plate in the early embryo.
orotracheal tube an endotracheal tube that passes through the mouth.
otopharyngeal tube eustachian tube.
Rehfuss tube a single-lumen oral tube used to obtain specimens of biliary secretions for diagnostic study; it is weighted on one end so that it can be passed through the mouth and positioned at the point where the bile duct empties into the duodenum. See also biliary drainage test.
Salem sump tube a double-lumen nasogastric tube used for suction and irrigation of the stomach. One lumen is attached to suction for the drainage of gastric contents and the second lumen is an air vent. See illustration.
Sengstaken-Blakemore tube see sengstaken-blakemore tube.
stomach tube see stomach tube.
T-tube one shaped like the letter T and inserted into the biliary tract to allow for drainage of bile; it is generally left in place for 10 days or more in order to develop a tract through which bile can drain after the tube is removed. A T-tube cholangiogram is usually performed prior to removal of the tube in order to determine that the common duct is patent and free of stones. If stones are found they can be removed through the tube tract by instruments inserted under x-ray guidance.
test tube a tube of thin glass, closed at one end; used in chemical tests and other laboratory procedures.
thoracostomy tube a tube inserted through an opening in the chest wall, for application of suction to the pleural cavity; used to drain fluid or blood or to reexpand the lung in pneumothorax. See also chest tube.
tracheal tube endotracheal tube.
tracheostomy tube a curved endotracheal tube that is inserted into the trachea through a tracheostomy; see discussion under tracheostomy.
tympanostomy tube ventilation tube.
uterine tube fallopian tube.
ventilation tube a tube inserted after myringotomy in chronic cases of middle ear effusion, such as in secretory or mucoid otitis media; it provides ventilation and drainage for the middle ear during healing, and is eventually extruded. Called also tympanostomy tube.
Tympanostomy (ventilation) tube. Polyethylene tubes are inserted surgically into the eardrum to relieve middle ear pressure and promote drainage of chronic or recurrent middle ear infections. Tubes extrude spontaneously in 6 months to 1 year. From Jarvis, 1996.
Wangensteen tube a small nasogastric tube connected with a special suction apparatus to maintain gastric and duodenal decompression.
Whelan-Moss T-tube a t-tube whose crossbar tube is larger in diameter than the drainage tube.
x-ray tube a glass vacuum bulb containing two electrodes; electrons are obtained either from gas in the tube or from a heated cathode. When suitable potential is applied, electrons travel at high velocity from cathode to anode, where they are suddenly arrested, giving rise to x-rays.

en·do·tra·che·al tube

a flexible tube inserted nasally, orally, or through a tracheostomy into the trachea to provide an airway, as in tracheal intubation.

tracheal tube

(1) Endotracheal tube, see there.
(2) Tracheostomy tube, see there.

tra·che·al tube

(trā'kē-ăl tūb)
A flexible tube inserted nasally, orally, or through a tracheotomy into the trachea to provide an airway, as in tracheal intubation.
Synonym(s): endotracheal tube.


pertaining to or emanating from trachea.

tracheal aspiration
see transtracheal aspiration.
tracheal band sign
on contrast radiography of a dilated esophagus, the impression made ventrally by the trachea.
tracheal collapse, collapsing trachea
a disorder of the tracheal membrane (trachealis muscle) or tracheal rings that results in a functional tracheal stenosis. Affected dogs, usually of miniature or toy breeds, have a cough and reduced exercise intolerance. See also goose honk cough.
tracheal compression
pressure on the trachea sufficient to cause displacement and reduction in caliber, usually inside the thorax; most readily detected radiographically.
tracheal cough
a nonproductive, or only slightly productive, resonant cough, often occurring in paroxysms and easily elicited by pressure on the cervical trachea. Typically associated with tracheitis.
tracheal duct
paired lymphatic ducts running down the side of the trachea, commencing at the retropharyngeal lymph nodes, receiving tributaries from other nodes of the head and neck and terminating in either the thoracic duct or the jugular or other vein at the entrance to the chest.
tracheal hypoplasia
a congenital defect in brachycephalic dogs in which the tracheal lumen is greatly reduced in size. Bronchopneumonia commonly occurs.
tracheal inflammation
tracheal intubation
refers usually to the passage of an endotracheal tube for the purposes of anesthesia, resuscitation or external control of respiration for any other reason. See also tracheal tube (below).
tracheal lavage, tracheal wash
introduction of a tracheal catheter via a cutaneous incision between two tracheal rings, passage of the catheter to the bronchi, introduction of normal saline, aspiration of the saline, retrieval of the catheter.
tracheal percussion
a sharp percussion stroke on the trachea creates a sound which can be auscultated over the lung area.
tracheal rupture
due usually to blunt trauma; there is escape of air into surrounding tissues which results in subcutaneous and mediastinal emphysema.
tracheal stenosis
may be congenital or acquired, resulting from trauma or surgical procedures on the trachea. Causes respiratory distress, coughing, and secondary infections of the upper respiratory tract.
tracheal transection
occurs as a result of trauma, in cats particularly from hyperextension of the head and neck, causing dyspnea.
tracheal tube
a metal tube used in horses that have a long-term obstruction of the upper respiratory system. Different to a tracheotomy tube it is a flattened tube fixed to a broad flange with suture holes at its edge and a bend of 90° at 0.5 inch from the flange. See also endotracheal tube.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lung isolation in the morbidly obese patient: a comparison of a left-sided double-lumen tracheal tube with the Arndt[R] wire-guided blocker.
As the tracheal tube has to be introduced “around the corner,” a rigid stylet is recommended to preshape the tracheal tube to match the blade's curvature.
Improved airway management efficiency was sought through the use of cuffed or uncuffed tracheal tubes followed by the use of a laryngeal mask airway (LMA).
The device was an alternative to the inflatable cuff used on tracheal tubes.
A plausible exception where even such an ideal intubation device may fail would be in the presence of an infraglottic pathology that prevents the advancement of a tracheal tube beyond the glottis.
Bouvier JR 1981 Measuring tracheal tube cuff pressures-tool and technique Heart and Lung 10 (4) 686-690
The Trilogy 100 portable ventilator features Respironics' proven BiPAP technology with leak compensation, volume and pressure control ventilation, and the ability to ventilate with either a mask or a tracheal tube.
15) A gum elastic bougie is a 60-cm long tracheal tube introducer that has an external diameter of 5 mm to accommodate tracheal tubes of greater than 6 mm of internal diameter.
A secondary attempt at intubating the trachea implies that surgery cannot be postponed and that it can only be safely done with a tracheal tube in place.
For 12 years running, nothing - not his wheelchair, tracheal tube, powerless frame or numerous bouts with death - has altered his simple truth: ``Anything's possible if you believe in yourself.
Ventilation via a laryngeal mask airway, which was not available when the 1992 guidelines were published, appears to be clinically equivalent to ventilation with a tracheal tube in some circumstances.
In particular, the process of intubation - the placement of a tracheal tube through which the patient is ventilated - was investigated.